The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: Nov Month– Day 4

1)  Opaque (Adj) –

Meaning: Not able to be seen through

Synonyms: non-transparent, clouded, dirty, dingy, dull, smeared, grimy, lusterless

Antonyms: transparent, crystal-clear

Usage:  Telangana has still not ramped up testing numbers adequately and has been opaque in the release of testing data.

2) Hubris (noun) –

Meaning: lasting for a long time or slow to end. Excessive pride, presumption or arrogance (originally toward the gods)

Synonyms: vanity, arrogance, conceitedness, prideself-importance, haughtiness, contemptuousness,  disdainfulness, vainglory, narcissism

Antonyms: modesty, humility, respect, timidity, shyness, unpretentiousness, meekness

 Usage: Nepal’s ability to dare India is a sign of our diminished power and diplomatic hubris.

3) Maxim (adj) –

Meaning: A pithy expression of a general principle or rule

Synonyms: phrases, shibboleth, epigraph, quotation

Antonyms: activity, execution, doing, implementation, movement, ambiguity

Usage: It is probably a wise maxim in any democracy

4) Snobbery (noun) 

Meaning: The property or trait of being a snob

Synonyms: arrogance, condescension, pretension, pride, snootiness

Antonyms: respect, shyness, timidity, meekness

Usage: It is often subject to elite snobbery.

5) Hounded (verb) –

Meaning: To have caused someone to do something, usually against their inclinations

Synonyms: daunted, coerced, compelled, required, induced, obliged, pressed

Antonyms: relaxed, calm, untroubled, happy, collected

Usage:  Both are on display in the way in which anti-CAA protestors are being hounded.

6) Inordinate (Adj) –

Meaning: Unreasonable or inappropriate in magnitude

Synonyms: uncurbed, unlimited,  immeasurable,  untempered,  wanton, extortionate,  gratuitous

Antonyms: hesitant, wary, embarrassed, unassertive.

Usage: Most citizens were willing to go to inordinate lengths to support the effort.

7) mellow (noun) –

Meaning: Having a melodious or harmonious sound, Having an easy-going mood or temperament

Synonyms: mellifluous, melodious, rich, soft, tuneful, dulcet, euphonious tranquil, composed, unruffled, nonchalant

Antonyms: uneasy, edgy, nervy, worried, jittery, skittish

Usage: He seems considerably more mellow to me today than he did then and still a man of impeccable integrity.

8) expediency (noun) –

Meaning: Appropriateness or suitability , Temporary help

Synonyms: convenience, advisability, benefit, effectiveness, utilitarianism, wisdom, meekness, shift, substitute, contrivance

Antonyms: recklessness, irresponsibility, incaution, impulsiveness

Usage:  They are not just men sacrificed to expediency, they are not men too civilised for an uncivilised world.

9) hurtle (noun)-

Meaning: Move or cause to move at high speed, typically in an uncontrolled manner

Synonyms: blaze, blow, boogie,  zoom, blast, run, stampede

Antonyms: crawl, creep, poke, plod, slow

Usage: Firefighters change en route, as they bowl down the Byres Road or hurtle along the motorway.

10) belie (verb)  –

Meaning: To demonstrate or expose to the falsehood of something

Synonyms: disprove, contradict, discredit, confute, refute, debunk, rebut

Antonyms: confirm, establish, prove, validate

Usage: These figures belie the constantly repeated claims of mass popular support for the brutal war.


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