01) factions (Adj) –
Meaning: a small organized dissenting group within a larger one, especially in politics
Synonyms: division sections disagreements friction infighting
Antonyms: agreement conformity entirety
Usage: Rajasthan Congress factions inching towards a truce.
02) supercilious (noun) –
Meaning: Showing contemptuous indifference: Overly formal, pompous or conventional
Synonyms: arrogant haughty imperious staid conventional
Antonyms: humble modest unpretentious
Usage: The voice of the narrator is a somewhat supercilious one, observing and comparing the rites from the train window.
03) Tamper (adj) –
Meaning: To interfere with (something) in order to cause damage or make unauthorized alterations; Bribe someone in order to receive a favor;
Synonyms: influence, corrupt, interfere, meddle, tinker, fiddle
Antonyms: improve, remain, repair, stay
Usage: We tamper with the independence of the judiciary at the peril of our cherished freedoms.
04) Rebuff (verb) –
Meaning: A harsh expression of disapproval or criticism; A feeling of intense distaste or disgust
Synonyms: repulsion, aversion, disgust, snub, rejection, repulse
Antonyms: encouragement, welcome, acceptance
Usage: Only the united Balkan peoples can give a real rebuff to the shameless pretensions of tsarism and European imperialism.
05) embellished (noun) –
Meaning: To make more beautiful or attractive by adorning or decorating; Add more detail concerning what has already been said
Synonyms: adorn, decorate, deck, dress, complicate, develop, amplify, detail, describe
Antonyms: blemish, deface, disfigure, abridge, compress, condense
Usage: Indian governments over several decades, enthusiastically embellished by a vibrant, popular culture.
06) Fortitude (Adj) –
Meaning: Mental or emotional strength that enables courage in the face of adversity;
Synonyms: backbone, grit, guts, pluck, courage, determination, resolution
Antonyms: apathy, cowardice, faint-heartedness, fear, helplessness
Usage: But with amazing resilience and fortitude the man and his players bounced back.
07) Querulous (noun) –
Meaning: Disposed to complaining, especially in a petulant or whining manner
Synonyms: complaining, petulant, testy, waspish, cantankerous, faultfinding, carping, critical
Antonyms: uncomplaining, contented, equable, forbearing
Usage: But there are querulous voices, conflicting histories, and disputed landscapes.
08) Prosaic (noun) –
Meaning: Plain or lacking in interesting features or characteristics; Humble in position or status; having or using the style or diction of prose as opposed to poetry; lacking imaginativeness or originality.
Synonyms: lowly, humble, common, everyday, ordinary, routine, commonplace, unpretentious, honest, unaffected, modest
Antonyms: abnormal, exceptional, extraordinary, interesting
Usage: But both in his words and especially in his music, his language is surely prosaic.
09) bane (verb) –
Meaning: A cause of great distress or annoyance; Physical harm that impairs the value, usefulness, or normal function of something
Synonyms: damage, harm, malice, spite
Antonyms: blessing, benefit, ,benevolence, friendliness
Usage: The bane of the Congress leadership has been its reluctance to develop a second line of leadership that is independent of the Gandhi dynasty.
10) simmer (verb) –
Meaning: To cook in liquid; Become burnt when exposed to heat or a flame
Synonyms; churns, cooks, scorches, parches
Antonyms– cools, freezes, soothes
Usage: In a society where a feudal sense of entitlement simmers beneath a veneer of economic modernity, aspirational upper castes with bottled up resentments are legion in every domain.