The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: Nov Month– Day 3

01) Cringe (verb) –

Meaning: To react in fear or apprehension; Submit to or acknowledge the merit of

Synonyms: defer, submit, yield, accede, shrink, recoil, flinch, blench, quail

Antonyms: face, meet, stretch, come, forward, steady

Usage: The repeated harping on the weight issue made me cringe in my seat, and yes, as you had read, regret eating that custard puff.

02) Shudder (adj) –

Meaning: To shake or vibrate jerkily or nervously

Synonyms: shake, quiver, convulse, quake, shiver

Antonyms: steady, be, still, calm, remain

Usage: An involuntary shudder coursed through the frightened cheetah as he drew himself into a tight ball.

03) Hound (adj) –

Meaning: Someone with a strong affinity for something; A person who behaves in an offensive manner

Synonyms: creep, schmuck, jerk, scumbag, scum, enthusiast, fan, devotee, aficionado, fanatic

Antonyms: angel, gentleman, humanitarian, helper

Usage: In November 2004 there were 318 registered hound packs in England and Wales.

04) Appropriate (adj) –

Meaning: Marked by suitability or aptness; To remove or take away from; To loot or plunder by force; To come into possession of; devote (money or assets) to a special purpose.

Synonyms: get, acquire, obtain, ransack, pillage, plunder, dispossess, divest, strip, deprive, suitable, proper, fitting, apt, relevant

Antonyms: inappropriate, improper, unsuitable, give, bestow, contribute, donate

Usage: This demo would be appropriate at the beginning of a general chemistry course or anytime when the law of conservation of mass is discussed. the accused had appropriated the property

“there can be problems in appropriating funds for legal expenses”

05) Cogitate (noun) –

Meaning:  To meditate, to ponder, to think deeply

Synonyms: consider, contemplate, deliberate, meditate

Antonyms: discard, dismiss, disregard, forget

Usage: If we had to cogitate every time we did anything, chances are we’d have a difficult time getting out of bed in the morning.

06) Infantilize (verb) –

Meaning: Treat in a way that is apparently kind or helpful but that betrays a feeling of superiority

Synonyms: patronize, condescend, humiliate, deign, demean,, denigrate

Antonyms: oppose, refuse, be proud, rise, above

Usage: But somehow, over the years, sororities have come to infantilize the women they once sought to empower.

07) prostrate (verb) –

Meaning: Completely overcome or helpless, especially with distress or exhaustion; Feeling tired, fatigued or weary

Synonyms: exhausted, drained, spent, helpless, overwhelmed, impotent, overcome, overpowered,

Antonyms:  mighty, powerful, rugged, stalwart

Usage: Two attendants stand at the ready beside him, while another lies prostrate at his feet.

08) Postulate (verb) –

Meaning: To consider to be true without evidence; To implore or make a request for; To trust or accept as truth; To establish or stipulate as a previous condition

Synonyms: provide, stipulate, specify, demand, believe, accept, trust, acknowledge, solicit, request, ask, beg, petition, assume ,hypothesise

Antonyms: discard, disregard, forget, doubt, question, challenge

Usage:  Some industry officials postulate that Johne’s disease may be linked to a human intestinal disorder in called Crohn’s disease.

09) scourge (adj) –

Meaning: A cause of great distress or misfortune

Synonyms: affliction, bane, curse, plague, misfortune, pest, torment

Antonyms: blessing, godsend, benefit, boon, felicity

Usage: That annoying, ugly, trick gold lamp that comes apart in the middle when you pick it up has been the scourge of my family for years.

10) Restive (noun) –

Meaning: Unable to rest or relax due to stress or worry; Showing enthusiasm or displaying positive energy about something

Synonyms:  excited, enthusiastic, eager, buoyant, restless, uneasy, agitated, edgy, nervous

Antonyms: calm, restful, content, peaceful

Usage:  He could tell Emily was restive, eager to belt on her chatelaine’s keys and rush off to primp the cushions.

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