The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: March Month– Day 7

1) Complexity (Noun)  जटिलता

Meaning: the state or quality of being intricate or complicated.

Synonyms: complication, problem, difficulty

Antonyms: simplicity

Usage: “an issue of great complexity”

2) Subsumed (Verb) – सम्मिलित करना 

Meaning: include or absorb (something) in something else.

Synonyms: included, incorporated, comprised

Antonyms:excluded, omitted, precluded

Usage: “most of these phenomena can be subsumed under two broad categories”

3) Unscrupulous (Adjective) — अनैतिक

Meaning: having or showing no moral principles; not honest or fair.

Synonyms: unprincipled, unethical, immoral

Antonyms:  ethical, honest

Usage: “unscrupulous landlords might be tempted to harass existing tenants”

4) Connived (Verb) — अनदेखा करना

Meaning: secretly allow (something immoral, illegal, or harmful) to occur.

Synonyms: deliberately ignore, overlook, not take into consideration

Antonyms: condemn, punish

Usage: “government officials were prepared to connive in impeding the course of justice”

5) Staggering (Adjective) — लड़खड़ाहट

Meaning: walk or move unsteadily, as if about to fall.

Synonyms: lurch, walk unsteadily, reel

Antonyms: continue, dive in, plunge in,stay

Usage: “he staggered to his feet, swaying a little”

6) Coffers (Noun) — मजबूत बॉक्स

Meaning: a strongbox or small chest for holding valuables.

Synonyms: strongbox, money box, cash box

Antonyms: back

Usage: “a battered leather coffer sealed with a waxen crest”

7) Lull (Verb) – शांत करना 

Meaning: calm or send to sleep, typically with soothing sounds or movements.

Synonyms: soothe, quiet, hush

Antonyms: waken, agitate

Usage: “the rhythm of the boat lulled her to sleep”

8) Disarray (Noun) — अव्यवस्था

Meaning: a state of disorganization or untidiness.

Synonyms: disorder, confusion, chaos

Antonyms: tidiness, orderliness

Usage:”her grey hair was in disarray”

9) Faction (Noun) — गुट

Meaning: dissension within an organization.

Synonyms:  infighting, dissension, dissent

Antonyms: harmony

Usage: “a council increasingly split by faction”

10) Bastion (Noun) — प्राचीर

Meaning: a projecting part of a fortification built at an angle to the line of a wall, so as to allow defensive fire in several directions.

Synonyms: rampart, bulwark, parapet, fortification

Antonyms: weakness, weak spot

Usage: “he had fortified the stronghold with ditches and bastions”

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