The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: March Month– Day 20

1) Gobbledygook (Noun) – अर्थहीन भाषा 

Meaning: language that is meaningless or is made unintelligible by excessive use of technical terms.

Synonyms: bafflegab, double-talk, gibberish

Antonyms: sense, truth, possessions

Usage: “reams of financial gobbledygook”

2) Vaguest (Adjective) – अस्पष्ट 

Meaning: of uncertain, indefinite, or unclear character or meaning.

Synonyms: indistinct, indefinite, indeterminate

Antonyms: clear, precise, firm

Usage: “many patients suffer vague symptoms”

3) Tweak (Noun) – समायोजनसंशोधनपरिवर्तन

Meaning: a fine adjustment to a mechanism or system.

Synonyms: adjustment, modification, alteration

Antonyms: ease, release, be still

Usage: “no tweaks were required”

4) Heft (Verb) — उठाना

Meaning: lift or carry (something heavy).

Synonyms: lift, lift up, raise

Antonyms: put down

Usage: “he lifted crates and hefted boxes”

5) Quelled (Verb) — काबू पा लेना

Meaning: put an end to (a rebellion or other disorder), typically by the use of force.

Synonyms: put an end to, stamp out, put a stop to

Antonyms: bring about, prompt

Usage: “extra police were called to quell the disturbance”

6) Grim (Adjective) – गंभीर 

Meaning: very serious or gloomy.

Synonyms: stern, forbidding, uninviting

Antonyms: amiable, pleasant

Usage: “his grim expression”

7) Marred (Verb) — बिगाड़ना

Meaning: impair the quality or appearance of; spoil.

Synonyms: spoil, ruin, impair

Antonyms: improve, enhance

Usage: “violence marred a number of New Year celebrations”

8) Yanked (Verb) — एक झटके से खींचना

Meaning: pull with a jerk.

Synonyms: jerk, pull, tug

Antonyms: fixed, pushed, put in

Usage: “her hair was yanked, and she screamed”

9) Vested (Verb) — को सौंपना

Meaning: confer or bestow (power, authority, property, etc.) on someone.

Synonyms: entrust to, invest in, bestow on

Antonyms: unconstitutional, contracted, illegal

Usage: “executive power is vested in the President”

10) Riposte (Noun) — जवाबी प्रहार

Meaning: a quick, clever reply to an insult or criticism.

Synonyms: retort, counter, rejoinder

Antonyms: question, request

Usage: “‘You’ve got a strange sense of honour,’ Grant riposted”

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