The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: March Month– Day 19

1) Pomp (Noun) — वैभव

Meaning: ceremony and splendid display.

Synonyms: ceremonial, solemnity, ritual

Antonyms: simplicity

Usage: “entertaining overseas visitors with the right degree of pomp”

2) Bonhomie (Noun) — खुशमिजाजी

Meaning: cheerful friendliness; geniality.

Synonyms: geniality, congeniality, conviviality

Antonyms:coldness

Usage:”he exuded good humour and bonhomie”

3) Conscription (Noun) — भरती

Meaning: compulsory enlistment for state service, typically into the armed forces.

Synonyms: call-up, draught

Antonyms:dismissal

Usage: “conscription was extended to married men”

4) Predatory (Noun) — शोषक

Meaning: seeking to exploit others.

Synonyms: exploitative, wolfish, rapacious

Antonyms: generous, satisfied,temperate

Usage: “she always felt at the mercy of predatory men”

5) Prudently (Adverb) – सावधानी से

Meaning: in a way that shows care and thought for the future.

Synonyms: carefully, cautiously,alertly

Antonyms: carelessly, incautiously,irresponsibly

Usage: “we must act prudently to safeguard jobs”

6) Pronged (Adjective) — दाँतोंवाला

Meaning: splits into two or more directions, or parts

Synonyms: forked, branched, branching

Antonyms: joined, straight,unbranched

Usage: “he passed his fork to the right hand to prong the meat”

7) Irritants (Noun) — उत्तेजक

Meaning: a thing that is continually annoying or distracting.

Synonyms: annoyance, irritation, source of irritation

Antonyms: help, pleasure

Usage: “in 1966 Vietnam was becoming an irritant to the government”

8) Escalate (Verb) — तेजी से वृद्धि होना

Meaning: increase rapidly.

Synonyms:soar, rocket, shoot up, mount

Antonyms: plunge

Usage:”the price of tickets escalated”

9) Dissidents (Noun) — असंतुष्टों

Meaning: a person who opposes official policy, especially that of an authoritarian state.

Synonyms:dissenter, objector, protester

Antonyms: conformist

Usage: “a dissident who had been jailed by a military regime”

10) Repression (Noun) – दमन या शमन

Meaning: the action of subduing someone or something by force.

Synonyms: suppression, quelling, quashing

Antonyms: freedom, liberty

Usage: “students sparked off events that ended in brutal repression”

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