The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: March Month– Day 18

1) Frail (Adjective) — दुर्बल

Meaning: (of a person) weak and delicate.

Synonyms: infirm, weak, weakened

Antonyms: strong, fit

Usage: “his small, frail body”

2) Tenet (Noun) — सिद्धांत

Meaning: a principle or belief, especially one of the main principles of a religion or philosophy.

Synonyms: principle, belief, doctrine

Antonyms:disbelief, doubt, reality

Usage: “the tenets of classical liberalism”

3) Pristine (Adjective) – बेदाग़

Meaning: clean and fresh as if new; spotless.

Synonyms: immaculate, in perfect condition

Antonyms:dirty, sullied

Usage: “a pristine white shirt”

4) Obfuscation (Noun) — स्पष्टीकरण

Meaning: the action of making something obscure, unclear, or unintelligible.

Synonyms: clarification

Antonyms: deception, equivocation, evasiveness

Usage: “when confronted with sharp questions they resort to obfuscation”

5) Hapless (Adjective) — अभागी

Meaning: (especially of a person) unfortunate.

Synonyms: unfortunate, unlucky, luckless

Antonyms: lucky

Usage: “the hapless victims of the disaster”

6) Sectarian (Adjective) -किसी विशेष मत या पंथ-संबंधी

Meaning: rigidly following the doctrines of a sect or other group.

Synonyms: factional, schismatic, cliquish

Antonyms: tolerant, liberal, broad-minded

Usage: “the sectarian Bolshevism advocated by Moscow”

7) Incursion (Noun) — आक्रमण

Meaning: an invasion or attack, especially a sudden or brief one.

Synonyms: attack on, assault on, raid on

Antonyms: retreat

Usage: “incursions into enemy territory”

8) Anticipated (Verb) – प्रत्याशित होना

Meaning: look forward to.

Synonyms: pre-empt, forestall, intercept

Antonyms: dread

Usage:”Stephen was eagerly anticipating the break from the routine of business”

9) Tantamount (Adjective) – से समान

Meaning: equivalent in seriousness to; virtually the same as.

Synonyms:  equivalent to, equal to, amounting to

Antonyms: different, opposite, polar

Usage: “the resignations were tantamount to an admission of guilt”

10) Plunge (Verb) – अचानक और अनियंत्रित रूप से गिरना

Meaning: fall suddenly and uncontrollably.

Synonyms: crash, plummet, pitch

Antonyms: incline mound mountain

Usage: “a car swerved to avoid a bus and plunged into a ravine”

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