The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: March Month– Day 21

1) Concur (Verb) – सहमत होना

Meaning: be of the same opinion; agree.

Synonyms: agree, be in agreement, be in accord

Antonyms: disagree

Usage: “the authors concurred with the majority”

2) Severity (Noun) — तीव्रता

Meaning: the fact or condition of being severe.

Synonyms: acuteness, seriousness, gravity

Antonyms: mildness, leniency, geniality

Usage: “sentences should reflect the severity of the crime”

3) Grim (Adjective) — बहुत गंभीर या उदास

Meaning: very serious or gloomy.

Synonyms: stern, forbidding, uninviting

Antonyms: amiable, pleasant

Usage: “his grim expression”

4) Asserting (Verb) — जोर देकर कहना 

Meaning: state a fact or belief confidently and forcefully.

Synonyms: declare, maintain

Antonyms: denying, gainsaying rebutting

Usage: “the company asserts that the cuts will not affect development”

5) Loath (Adjective) — अनिच्छुक

Meaning: reluctant; unwilling.

Synonyms: reluctant, unwilling, disinclined

Antonyms: willing, eager

Usage: “I was loath to leave”

6) Aegis (Noun) — संरक्षण

Meaning: the protection, backing, or support of a particular person or organization.

Synonyms: patronage, sponsorship, backing

Antonyms: neglectfulness, carelessness

Usage: “the negotiations were conducted under the aegis of the UN”

7) Disarray (Noun) — अव्यवस्था

Meaning: a state of disorganization or untidiness.

Synonyms: disorder, confusion, chaos

Antonyms: tidiness, orderliness

Usage: “her grey hair was in disarray”

8) Pared (Verb) — काट-छाँट करना

Meaning: trim (something) by cutting away its outer edges.

Synonyms: cut (off), trim (off), peel (off)

Antonyms: covered, expanded, grew

Usage: “Carlo pared his thumbnails with his knife”

9) Exacerbated (Verb) — ख़राब करना

Meaning: make (a problem, bad situation, or negative feeling) worse.

Synonyms: aggravate, make worse, worsen

Antonyms: calm, reduce

Usage: “the exorbitant cost of land in urban areas only exacerbated the problem”

10) Contagion (Noun) — संदूषणसंक्रमण

Meaning: a disease spread by close contact.

Synonyms: contamination, infection, disease

Antonyms: advantage, cleanliness, purification

Usage: “through personal hygiene, the spread of common contagions is discouraged”

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