The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: June Month – Day 7

1) Precipitated (verb) –  तेजी या जल्दबाजी करना

Meaning:  To hasten the occurrence of ;

Synonyms: expedite, hasten, accelerate

Antonyms: hinder, cease, slow

Usage: Why has China precipitated a fresh military crisis with India in eastern Ladakh?

2) Resilience (Noun) – लचीलापन

Meaning: power or ability to return to original state, position.

Synonyms: Flexibility, pliancy, elasticity, adaptability

Antonyms: fragile, Vulnerable, weakness

Usage: The question of the resilience of the Indian health system becomes more pressing

3) Skirmish (noun) – झड़प

Meaning: an episode of irregular or unpremeditated fighting, especially between small or outlying parts of armies or fleets.

Synonyms: Confrontation, Conflict, Fight

Antonyms: Peace, truce, Unanimity

Usage: If such skirmishes normally follow the melting of snowlines, for example, then why was the LAC not adequately manned

4) Rationalize (verb) – युक्तिकरण करना

Meaning: attempt to explain or justify (behavior or an attitude) with logical reasons, even if these are not appropriate.

Synonyms: Vindicate, Justify, account for , defend, extenuate ( to represent as less serious)

Antonyms: accuse, withheld

Usage: All States should take steps to enhance and rationalise property

tax regime

5) Manoeuvres (Noun)  – युद्धाभ्यास

Meaning: a movement or series of moves requiring skill and care.

Synonyms: operation, exercise, movement

Antonyms: neglect, surrender, mismanagae

Usage: India must prepare for a long-drawn stand-off, and manoeuvres aimed at ensuring China’s pullback.

6) Laxity (Noun) – ढिलाई

Meaning: lack of strictness or care.

Synonyms: Shoody, slovenly, inattentive,  reckless, remiss, impetuos

Antonyms: chariness, wariness, carefulness

UsageLaxity in one airport can deliver the virus thousands of miles away.

7)  Allegiance (Noun) – निष्ठा

Meaning: loyalty or commitment to a superior or to a group or cause.

Synonyms: steadfast, devotion, homage, Adherence, obedient

Antonyms: treachery, disloyalty,

Usage: Elected representatives swear allegiance to the Constitution, and thereby to the Union of India, and not to their constituents alone.

8)  Drawdown (noun) – आहरण द्वारा कमी

Meaning: to bring down, To lower. To minimize.

Synonyms: reduction, decrease.

Antonyms: Augment, Develop, Enlarge, Extend

Usage: During the Doklam incident, even after a meeting between the leaders on the sidelines of a G-20 summit, it had taken several high-level engagements to ensure a drawdown to the 73-day stand-off.

9) Ravage (verb) – नाश करना

Meaning: cause severe and extensive damage to.

Synonyms: Ruin, devastate,  ransack, desolate, despoil, maraud, wrecked

Antonyms: develop nurture, conserve, indemnify (compensate (someone) for harm or loss).

Usage: The hurricane ravaged southern Florida

10) Savage (Adj) – उग्र, हिंसक या अनियंत्रित

Meaning:  fierce, violent, and uncontrolled. (of something bad or negative) very great; severe.

Synonyms: ravening, predatory, mutilate, mangle, lacerate, desecrate

Antonyms: tame, civilized, harmless.

Usage: His decision was a savage blow for the town


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