The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: Jan Month– Day 30

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1) Complement (Noun) — पूरक

Meaning: a thing that contributes extra features to something else in such a way as to improve or emphasize its quality.

Synonyms: accompaniment, companion, addition

Antonyms: contrast

Usage: “local ales provide the perfect complement to fine food”

2) Demotion (Noun) — पदावनति

Meaning: reduction in rank or status.

Synonyms: reduction, degradation, devaluation

Antonyms: promotion, ascent, rise

Usage: “she could remain on the staff if she accepted demotion to ordinary lecturer”

3) Punitive (Adjective) — दंडात्मक

Meaning: inflicting or intended as punishment.

Synonyms: penal, disciplinary, corrective

Antonyms: beneficial, rewarding

Usage: “he called for punitive measures against the Eastern bloc”

4) Arbitrary (Adjective) – मनमाना

Meaning: based on random choice or personal whim, rather than any reason or system.

Synonyms:capricious, whimsical, random

Antonyms: rational, reasoned

Usage: “an arbitrary decision”

5) Opaqueness (Adjective) — गैर पारदर्शी

Meaning: not able to be seen through; not transparent.

Synonyms: non-transparent, cloudy, filmy

Antonyms: transparent, translucent, clear

Usage: “bottles filled with a pale opaque liquid”

6) Erratic (Adjective) — अप्रत्याशित 

Meaning: not even or regular in pattern or movement; unpredictable.

Synonyms: unpredictable, inconsistent, changeable

Antonyms: predictable, consistent

Usage: “her breathing was erratic”

7) Maverick (Noun) — एक अपरंपरागत या स्वतंत्र विचार वाला व्यक्ति

Meaning: an unorthodox or independent-minded person.

Synonyms: individualist, nonconformist, free spirit

Antonyms: conformist

Usage: “he’s the maverick of the senate”

8) Wanton (Adjective) — प्रचंड

Meaning: (of a cruel or violent action) deliberate and unprovoked.

Synonyms: deliberate, wilful, malicious

Antonyms:justifiable

Usage: “sheer wanton vandalism”

9) Ambiguity (Noun) — अनेकार्थता

Meaning: the quality of being open to more than one interpretation; inexactness.

Synonyms: ambivalence, equivocation

Antonyms: unambiguousness, transparency

Usage: “we can detect no ambiguity in this section of the Act”

10) Internecine (Adjective) — घातक

Meaning: destructive to both sides in a conflict.

Synonyms: deadly, bloody, violent

Antonyms: harmless, safe, innocuous

Usage: “the region’s history of savage internecine warfare”


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