The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: Jan Month– Day 29

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1) Unwieldy (Adjective) — बोझल

Meaning: difficult to move because of its size, shape, or weight.

Synonyms:       cumbersome, unmanageable, unhandy

Antonyms:        manageable, dainty

Usage: “huge, unwieldy arc lamps”

2) Hamstrung (Verb) — पंख काटना

Meaning: severely restrict the efficiency or effectiveness of.

Synonyms:       handicap, constrain, restrict

Antonyms: help

Usage: “we were hamstrung by a total lack of knowledge”

3) Bloc (Noun) — गठबंधनसंघ

Meaning: a group of countries or political parties with common interests who have formed an alliance.

Synonyms: alliance, association, coalition

Antonyms: agreement, conformity, entirety

Usage: “the Soviet bloc”

4) Incendiary (Adjective) — आग लगानेवाला

Meaning: tending to stir up conflict.

Synonyms:       inflammatory, rabble-rousing, provocative

Antonyms:        conciliatory

Usage: “incendiary rhetoric”

5) Tizzy (Noun) — घबराहट

Meaning: a state of nervous excitement or agitation.

Synonyms: acrimony, anger, animosity

Antonyms: calmness, cheer, comfort

Usage: “he got into a tizzy and was talking absolute tosh”

6) Debacle (Noun) – पराजय, असफलता

Meaning: a sudden and ignominious failure; a fiasco.

Synonyms:       fiasco, failure, catastrophe

Antonyms: blockbuster, hit, smash, success

Usage: “the only man to reach double figures in the second-innings debacle”

7) Trajectory (Noun) — प्रक्षेपवक्र

Meaning: the path followed by a projectile flying or an object moving under the action of given forces.

Synonyms: course, route, path, track

Antonyms: deviation, wrong way

Usage: “the missile’s trajectory was preset”

8) Craters (Noun) — गड्ढा

Meaning: a large bowl-shaped cavity in the ground or on a celestial object, typically one caused by an explosion or the impact of a meteorite.

Synonyms:       hollow, bowl, basin

Antonyms: mound, solid, closing

Usage: “the blast left a crater in the car park”

9) Precise (Adjective) — सटीक

Meaning: marked by exactness and accuracy of expression or detail.

Synonyms:        exact, accurate, correct

Antonyms:        imprecise, inaccurate

Usage: “precise directions”

10) Rover (Noun) — ऊबड़ खाबड़ भूमि पर चलाने का वाहन 

Meaning: a vehicle for driving over rough terrain, especially one driven by remote control over extraterrestrial terrain.

Synonyms:       wanderer, traveller, globetrotter

Antonyms: homesteader, settler

Usage: “a lunar rover”


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