The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: Jan Month– Day 3

1) Retaliation (Noun) – प्रतिका

Meaning: the action of returning a military attack; counter-attack.

Synonyms: revenge, vengeance, reprisal

Antonyms: forgiveness, pardon, sympathy

Usage: “the bombings are believed to be in retaliation for the trial of 15 suspects”

2) Lauded (Verb) – प्रशंसा करना

Meaning: praise (a person or their achievements) highly.

Synonyms: praise, extol, hail

Antonyms:condemn, criticize

Usage: “the obituary lauded him as a great statesman and soldier”

3) Efficacy (Noun) – प्रभावोत्पादकता

Meaning: the ability to produce a desired or intended result.

Synonyms: effectiveness, success, successfulness


Usage: “there is little information on the efficacy of this treatment”

4) Anecdotal (Adjective) – उपाख्यानात्मक

Meaning: not necessarily true or reliable, because based on personal accounts rather than facts or research.

Synonyms: informal, unreliable, based on hearsay

Antonyms: experimental, scientific

Usage: “while there was much anecdotal evidence there was little hard fact”

5) Juncture (Noun) – समयबिंदु

Meaning: a particular point in events or time.

Synonyms: point, point in time, time

Antonyms: advantage, blessing, calm

Usage: “it is difficult to say at this juncture whether this upturn can be sustained”

6) Endorsed (Verb) – पृष्ठांकित

Meaning: declare one’s public approval or support of.

Synonyms: allow, approve

Antonyms: disallowed, disapproved, discouraged

Usage: “the report was endorsed by the college”

7) Winnowed (Verb) – खोजें या पहचानें

Meaning: find or identify (a valuable or useful part of something).

Synonyms: isolate, sort out, find

Antonyms: open, lay open, put in

Usage: “amidst this welter of confusing signals, it’s difficult to winnow out the truth”

8) Caucuses (Noun) – सभा

Meaning: a meeting at which local members of a political party register their preference among candidates running for office or select delegates to attend a convention.

Synonyms: meeting, assembly, gathering

Antonyms: agreement, conformity, entirety

Usage:”Hawaii holds its nominating caucuses next Tuesday”

9)Presumptive (Adjective) – आनुमानिक

Meaning: of the nature of a presumption; presumed in the absence of further information.

Synonyms:conjectural, speculative, tentative

Antonyms: definitive

Usage: “a presumptive diagnosis”

10) Buoyed (Verb) – हँसमुख और आश्वस्त करना

Meaning: make (someone) cheerful and confident.

Synonyms: cheer, cheer up, brighten up

Antonyms: depress

Usage: “she was buoyed up by his praise”

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