The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: Dec Month– Day 3

1) Persecution (Noun) – उत्पीड़न

Meaning: hostility and ill-treatment, especially because of race or political or religious beliefs; oppression.

Synonyms: oppression, victimization, maltreatment

Antonyms: happiness, help, joy

Usage: “her family fled religious persecution”

2) Ripple (Noun) – तरंग, लहर   

Meaning: a small wave or series of waves on the surface of water, especially as caused by a slight breeze or an object dropping into it.

Synonyms: wavelet, wave, undulation

Antonyms:stillness, dullness, quiet

Usage: “he dived into the pool leaving barely a ripple”

3) Indignation (Noun) – रोष या नाराज़गी

Meaning: anger or annoyance provoked by what is perceived as unfair treatment.

Synonyms: resentment, umbrage, affront

Antonyms:contentment

Usage: “the letter filled Lucy with indignation”

4) Slumber (Verb) – नींद

Meaning: sleep.

Synonyms: sleep, be asleep, doze

Antonyms: wake up

Usage: “Sleeping Beauty slumbered in her forest castle”

5) Vested (Verb) – को सौंपना

Meaning: confer or bestow (power, authority, property, etc.) on someone.

Synonyms: entrust to, invest in, bestow on

Antonyms: held, kept, retained

Usage: “executive power is vested in the President”

6) Incendiary (Adjective) – आतशजदगी करनेवाला

Meaning: tending to stir up conflict.

Synonyms: inflammatory, rabble-rousing, provocative

Antonyms: conciliatory

Usage: “incendiary rhetoric”

7) Sniffed(Verb) – सूंघना

Meaning: draw up air audibly through the nose to detect a smell, to stop it running, or to express contempt.

Synonyms: inhale, snuffle, breathe in

Antonyms: exhale, hold nose, expire

Usage: “his dog sniffed at my trousers”

8) Vilification (Noun) – निंदा, आलोचना

Meaning: abusively disparaging speech or writing.

Synonyms: condemnation, criticism, censure

Antonyms: praise

Usage:”the widespread vilification of politicians”

9) Arbitrary (Adjective) – मनमाना

Meaning: based on random choice or personal whim, rather than any reason or system.

Synonyms:capricious, whimsical, random

Antonyms: rational, reasoned

Usage: “an arbitrary decision”

10) Sedition (Noun) – विद्रोह

Meaning: conduct or speech inciting people to rebel against the authority of a state or monarch.

Synonyms: incitement (to riot/rebellion), agitation, rabble-rousing

Antonyms: calm, obedience, peace

Usage: In March 1848, authorities charged several leading nationalists with sedition.


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