English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: April Month – Day 4

1) Mitigation (Noun) – शमन

Meaning: the action of reducing the severity, seriousness, or painfulness of something.

Synonyms: alleviation, reduction, diminution

Antonyms: intensification

Usage: “the identification and mitigation of pollution”


2) Accumulating (Verb) – संचित करना

Meaning: gather together or acquire an increasing number or quantity of.

Synonyms: gather, collect, assemble

Antonyms:dissipate

Usage: “investigators have yet to accumulate enough evidence”


3) Contaminated (Verb) – दूषित

Meaning: make (something) impure by exposure to or addition of a poisonous or polluting substance.

Synonyms: pollute, adulterate, make impure

Antonyms:purify

Usage: “the site was found to be contaminated by radioactivity”


4) Frayed (Verb) – उधेडना

Meaning: unravel or become worn at the edge, typically through constant rubbing.

Synonyms: unravel, wear, wear thin

Antonyms: pristine, new, current

Usage: “cheap fabric soon frays”


5) Scurrying (Verb) – जल्दी जल्दी दौड़ना

Meaning: move hurriedly with short quick steps.

Synonyms: scamper, scuttle, bustle

Antonyms: amble, stroll

Usage: “pedestrians scurried for cover”


6) Angst (Noun) – गुस्सा  

Meaning: a feeling of deep anxiety or dread, typically an unfocused one about the human condition or the state of the world in general.

Synonyms: anxiety, fear, dread

Antonyms: calmness, composure, ease

Usage: “the existential angst of the middle classes”


7) Shunning (Verb) – बचना, बच निकलना

Meaning: persistently avoid, ignore, or reject (someone or something) through antipathy or caution.

Synonyms: avoid, evade, eschew

Antonyms: accept, seek, welcome

Usage: “he shunned fashionable society”


8) Rhetoric (Noun) – अलंकार शास्र

Meaning: the art of effective or persuasive speaking or writing, especially the exploitation of figures of speech and other compositional techniques.

Synonyms: oratory, eloquence, power of speech

Antonyms: conciseness, quiet, silence

Usage:”he is using a common figure of rhetoric, hyperbole”


9) Galvanising (Verb) – झटका देना या उत्साहित करना  

Meaning: shock or excite (someone) into taking action.

Synonyms:jolt, shock, startle

Antonyms: demotivate

Usage: “the urgency of his voice galvanized them into action”


10) Celestial (Adjective) – खगोलीय

Meaning: belonging or relating to heaven.

Synonyms: heavenly, holy, saintly

Antonyms: hellish, mundane

Usage: “the celestial city”


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