English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: April Month – Day 16

1) Expedite (Verb) – शीघ्र कार्रवाई करना

Meaning: make (an action or process) happen sooner or be accomplished more quickly.

Synonyms: speed up, accelerate, hurry

Antonyms: delay, hinder

Usage: “he promised to expedite economic reforms”

2) Stringent (Adjective) – कड़ी से कड़ी

Meaning: strict, precise, and exacting.

Synonyms: firm, rigid, rigorous

Antonyms:lenient, flexible

Usage: “stringent guidelines on air pollution”

3) Substantial (Adjective) – सारभूत

Meaning: of considerable importance, size, or worth.

Synonyms: considerable, real, material

Antonyms:insubstantial, worthless

Usage: “a substantial amount of cash”

4) Disruption (Noun) – गड़बड़ी, अशांति

Meaning: disturbance or problems which interrupt an event, activity, or process.

Synonyms: disturbance, disordering, disarrangement

Antonyms: calm, method, order

Usage: “the scheme was planned to minimize disruption”

5) Thaw (Verb) – पिघलना

Meaning: become liquid or soft as a result of warming up.

Synonyms: defrost

Antonyms: freeze

Usage: “the river thawed and barges of food began to reach the capital”

6) Blitz (Noun) – बम बरसाना

Meaning: an intensive or sudden military attack.

Synonyms: battery, bombing, onslaught

Antonyms: let-up

Usage: “a heavy artillery blitz”

7) Endeavour (Verb) – प्रयास करना

Meaning: try hard to do or achieve something.

Synonyms: try, attempt, venture

Antonyms: abstention, destruction, ease

Usage: “he is endeavouring to help the Third World”

8) Fraught (Adjective) – चिंतित, परेशान

Meaning: causing or affected by anxiety or stress.

Synonyms: anxious, worried, upset

Antonyms: calm

Usage:”there was a fraught silence”

9)Amenable (Adjective) – आज्ञाकारी, परिचित

Meaning: open and responsive to suggestion; easily persuaded or controlled.

Synonyms:compliant, acquiescent, biddable

Antonyms: uncooperative

Usage: “parents who have amenable children”

10) Hostage (Noun) – बन्धक व्यक्ति

Meaning: a person seized or held as security for the fulfilment of a condition.

Synonyms: captive, prisoner, detainee

Antonyms: captor, independent, escapee

Usage: “they were held hostage by armed rebels”

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