Latest Current Affairs Daily Update

20th & 21st July Current Affairs Headlines

Important Days

World Chess Day celebrated on 20 July

United Nations celebrates World Chess Day globally on 20 July every year. World Chess Day day marks the date of the establishment of the International Chess Federation (FIDE) in Paris in 1924. It also provides an important platform to foster, dialogue, solidarity and culture of peace along with recognizing the instrumental role played by the FIDE in supporting international cooperation for chess activity and aiming to improve friendly harmony among all peoples of the world.

To celebrate the International Chess Day 2020 top chess personalities will participate in a high-level virtual event “Chess for Recovering Better”.

Chess is one of the most ancient, intellectual and cultural games which encourages fairness, inclusion and mutual respect and noting in this regard that it can contribute to an atmosphere of tolerance and understanding among peoples and nations.

Useful Notes for all competitive exams:

  • Secretary-General of the United Nations: António Guterres.
  • President of International Chess Federation (FIDE): Arkady Dvorkovich.

National Headlines

ICAT launches an e-portal “ASPIRE”

International Centre for Automotive Technology (ICAT) has launched an e-Portal named “Automobile Solutions Portal for Industry, Research & Education (ASPIRE)”.

ASPIRE has been launched to improve the technological capability of Indian automotive sector with the help of exchange of knowledge & expertise, to make them self reliant and to enable the growth of automobile sector including overall socio-economic progress of the country.

ASPIRE will act as an one stop solution and will enable the Indian auto industry, R&D institutions and academia to come together for R&D, technology development, expert opinions etc. on issues involving technology advancements.

Mobile App of “PM Street Vendor’s AtmaNirbhar Nidhi” launched

The mobile application of PM Street Vendor’s AtmaNirbhar Nidhi (PM SVANidhi) has been launched to offer user friendly digital interface to the Lending Institutions (LIs) as well as to their field functionaries in order to source and process loan applications to the street vendors under the scheme.

The launch of the mobile app is a step towards boosting the use of digital technology and will ensure maximum coverage of the scheme.

The mobile app will promote paper-less digital accessing of micro-credit facilities by the Street Vendors and will give impetus to the implementation strategy of the PM SVANidhi scheme.

The application has various features such as vendor search in the survey data, e-KYC of applicants, processing of applications, as well as real-time monitoring.

Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs launched the PM SVANidhi scheme to provide affordable Working Capital loan to street vendors in order to enable them to resume their livelihoods that have been adversely affected due to COVID-19 lockdown.

Useful Notes for all competitive exams:

  • Minister of State (I/C) for Housing and Urban Affairs: Hardeep Singh Puri.

States News

UP Govt launches “Navin Rojgar Chhatri Yojana” for SCs

Uttar Pradesh government has launched ”Navin Rojgar Chhatri Yojana” for all-round development of the Scheduled Castes.

UP Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath transferred financial assistance of 17.42 crore online to 3,484 people under the ‘Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay Swarojgar Yojana’ and interacted with some beneficiaries from Rae Bareli, Gorakhpur, Basti, Meerut, Azamgarh and Moradabad districts through video conferencing.

The state government has extended financial help to make people self-dependent.

Useful Notes for all competitive exams:

  • Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh: Yogi Aditya Nath; Governor: Anandiben Patel.

Chhattisgarh govt launches ‘Mukhyamantri Suposhan Yojana’ to combat malnutrition in state

Chhattisgarh was tagged among those states which have high levels of malnutrition and anaemia among children and women in the National Health Family Survey (NHFS) – 4 (2015-16).

Bhupesh Baghel-led Chhattisgarh government to launch a crusade — the ‘Mukhyamantri Suposhan Yojana’ — on October 2, 2019, on the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.

The campaign turned out to be a big success, as till March this year, within six months since the scheme was launched. Chhattisgarh government claimed that the number of malnourished children decreased by 13.79 per cent in the state.

Malnutrition refers to the condition of deficiencies or imbalances owing to unhealthy eating habits or lack of nutrition in the diet. The children from 6 to 54 months were considered as ‘earmarked’ as per the WHO recommendation so that the child growth standards could be effectively measured under the age of 5 years.

Useful Notes for all competitive exams:

  • Chief minister: Bhupesh Baghel
  • Governor: Anusuiya Uikey
  • Capitals: Bilaspur, Raipur

Internationl Headlines

UAE launches its first space mission to Mars from Japan

UAE’s historic journey to Mars has been successfully started from the Tanegashima Space Center in Japan. The spacecraft Hope Probe took off in an early morning launch.

H2A, the rocket carrying the Hope Probe to space, was launched from the Tanegashima Space Centre in Japan. It is the Arab world’s first interplanetary landmark mission, putting UAE firmly ahead of all the countries in the Middle East in the area of space and technology.

Hope Probe Spacecraft is expected to reach the Red Planet by February 2021, to coincide with UAE’s 50th anniversary of its formation. The orbiter Hope is expected to take images and send back data of the distant Red Planet

Useful Notes for all competitive exams:

  • Capital: Abu Dhabi
  • Currency: United Arab Emirates dirham

Awards & Rewards

Morissana Kouyate & Marianna Vardinoyannis wins 2020 Nelson Mandela Prize

Guinean doctor Morissana Kouyate and Marianna Vardinoyannis of Greece have been announced as the winners of the 2020 Nelson Mandela Prize. Kouyaté is a leading figure in efforts to end violence against women in Africa, including Female Genital Mutilation (FGM).

Vardinoyannis has been involved in the fight against childhood cancer for some 30 years. The Nelson Mandela Prize is awarded in every five years to recognize those who dedicate their lives to the service of humanity, by promoting the purposes and principles of the United Nations, while honouring Nelson Mandela’s life, and legacy of reconciliation, political transition, and social transformation.

The Mandela Prize was established by a UN General Assembly resolution in June 2014.

Useful Notes for all competitive exams:

  • The United Nations observes 18 July every year as Nelson Mandela International Day.

Summits & Conferences

Finance Minister attends 3rd G20 FMCBG Meet

The 3rd G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors (FMCBG) meeting was held under the Saudi Arabian Presidency .

India was represented by Union Minister for Finance & Corporate Affairs Nirmala Sitharaman in the meeting.

During the meet, the participants deliberated on the global economic outlook amid evolving COVID-19 pandemic crisis along with other G20 Finance Track priorities for the year 2020.

During the Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors meeting, Nirmala Sitharaman highlighted the measures taken by India to fight the COVID-19 pandemic such as direct benefit transfers, special support to agriculture and MSME sectors, rural employment guarantee measures etc.

Sports News

Germany forward & World Cup winner Andre Schurrle retires

The Germany forward player & World Cup winner, Andre Schurrle has announced retirement from the sport. Schurrle helped his country to win the 2014 FIFA World Cup.

Schurrle represented Germany in 57 matches, scoring 22 goals. He also played for Chelsea from 2013-15 and also won a Premier League winners medal in 2015.

Lewis Hamilton wins 2020 Hungarian Grand Prix

Lewis Hamilton won the Formula-1 Hungarian Grand Prix 2020 at Hungaroring, Mogyoród, Hungary. Max Verstappen (Dutch-Red Bull) was second, followed by Valtteri Bottas (Mercedes- Finland) at the third spot. Hungarian Grand Prix 2020 was the third race of the 2020 Formula One World Championship.


Civil rights legend Rep. John Lewis passes away

Civil Rights icon Congressman John Lewis passed away at the age of 80. He was honoured and respected as the conscience of the US Congress and an icon of American history.

He dedicated his entire life to non-violent activism and was an outspoken advocate in the struggle for equal justice in America.

C.S. Seshadri, a leader of Indian mathematics, passes away

S. Seshadri, one of the leaders of Indian mathematics in the post-Independence era, passed away. He was 88. He was elected Fellow of the Royal Society in 1988 and a Foreign Associate of the National Academy of Sciences, the USA in 2010. He was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 2009.

Civil rights veteran Rev. C.T. Vivian passes away

The Rev. T. Vivian, an early and key adviser to the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. who organized pivotal civil rights campaigns and spent decades advocating for justice and equality, passed away. Barack Obama, who honoured Vivian with the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2013.

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