The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: July Month – Day 12

1)  spawned (Verb) –

Meaning: To come into being or have its starting point at a certain time or place; Something that is visually identical to something else

Synonyms: generate, breed, effect, begin, start, transpire, replication, carbon, clone

Antonyms: die, perish, demise, killed, maimed

Usage:  Chinese cyber bullying  of  a Thai film star spawned a new “Milk Tea Alliance.”

2) blatant (verb) –

Meaning: Very loud or having a high volume ; Conspicuously or obviously bad, wrong or offensive

Synonyms: obvious, glaring, patent, oaring, blaring, clamorous, deafening

Antonyms: co inconspicuous, subtle, agreeable, indirect, circuitous, roundabout, minor, partial

Usage: Beijing’s blatant aggressiveness is accelerating long­standing debates about  the  underlying  costs  of  re­ liance on China and spurring sup­port  for  closer  coordination  bet­ween other Indo­ Pacific  partners.

3) outlier (adj) –

Meaning: Something that stands apart

Synonyms: aberration, deviation, irregularity, quirk

Antonyms: standard midpoint

Usage: India’s deadly  encounter  with China  in  the  Galwan  Valley  is not an outlier in Beijing’s recent behaviour in Asia.

4) Crestfallen (Adj) –

Meaning: Sad and disappointed;

Synonyms: saddened, shattered, dejected, depressed, deflated disenchanted

Antonyms: happy, cheerful, joyful, exultant, ebullient, proud, unashamed

Usage: To the crestfallen architect it  assured them that only qualified candidates registered with the Council of Archi­tecture  (CoA),  the  statutory  body,could call  themselves ‘architects’.

5) Dereliction (noun) –

Meaning: The state of having been abandoned and become dilapidated.

Synonyms: Decrepitude, negligence, delinquent,

Antonyms: Fulfillment, satisfied,

Usage:  Former Supreme Court judges took public transport to visit the affected areas and pointed out clear dereliction of duty by the police

6) tor­ment (verb) –

Meaning: The state of being in great mental or physical pain; Fail to fulfil the hopes or expectations of; To cause damage to; To cause pain or anguish to

Synonyms: injure, damage, disappoint, fail, dismay, affliction, plague, bane, kill, hurt, pain, threat, danger

Antonyms: advantage, aid, assistance, admire, approve, hoard, save, look after

Usage: First, let us turn to the fears that tor­ment architects.

7) reek (noun) –

Meaning: An obscuration

Synonyms: mist, smog, murk, brume

Antonyms: clearness, cognizance, understanding

Usage: This idea not only reeks of naiveté but, importantly, will never get the sanction. naiveté  — ack of experience, wisdom, or judgement.

8) missives (noun) –

Meaning: a letter, especially a long or official one.

Synonyms: news, bulletin, announcement.

Antonyms: neglect, silence

Usage:  Elon musk’s latest missives on the social media network was his demand to break up Amazon

9) entwined (verb)-

Meaning: linked; To twist or twine around something (or one another).

Synonyms: weave, intertwine, interlace

Antonyms: apparent, clear, obvious, relaxed, straight, separate

Usage: A 45­ member Joint Parliamentary committee scrutinized  the  Bill  and  concluded  that spatial  design,  aesthetic  considera­tions, structural safety and construction were entwined in the making of a building

10) Flicker (noun) –

Meaning:  A very small trace of something; to move about or around quickly and randomly; be undecided between two opinions or courses of action

Synonyms: blink, glitter, scintillate, glimmer, trace, breath, spark

Antonyms: determine, resolve, remain, stay, burn steadily, be still

Usage: Relationship expert Siggy Flicker shares exactly how to show the love to all your best boys.


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