The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: Sep Month– Day 24

1) Galvanising (Verb) – चौंका देना

Meaning: shock or excite (someone) into taking action.

Synonyms: jolt, shock, startle

Antonyms: demotivate

Usage: “the urgency of his voice galvanized them into action”

2) Delegates (Noun) – प्रतिनिधियों

Meaning: a person sent or authorized to represent others, in particular an elected representative sent to a conference.

Synonyms: representative, envoy, emissary

Antonyms:individual, one

Usage: “congress delegates rejected the proposals”

3) Wrangle (Noun) – तकरार

Meaning: a dispute or argument, typically one that is long and complicated.

Synonyms: argument, dispute, disagreement


Usage: “an insurance wrangle is holding up compensation payments”

4) Imbued (Verb) – प्रेरित या अनुमित करना

Meaning: inspire or permeate with (a feeling or quality).

Synonyms: permeate, saturate, diffuse

Antonyms: dry, dried out

Usage: “his works are invariably imbued with a sense of calm and serenity”

5) Desultory (Adjective) – उत्साह की कमी

Meaning: lacking a plan, purpose, or enthusiasm.

Synonyms: casual, half-hearted, lukewarm

Antonyms: keen, systematic, lasting

Usage: “a few people were left, dancing in a desultory fashion”

6) Abide (Verb)  पालन करना

Meaning: accept or act in accordance with (a rule, decision, or recommendation).

Synonyms: comply with, obey, observe

Antonyms: flout, reject

Usage: “I said I would abide by their decision”

7) Redemption(Noun) – मोचन

Meaning: the action of regaining or gaining possession of something in exchange for payment, or clearing a debt.

Synonyms: retrieval, recovery, reclamation

Antonyms: abandonment, desertion, forsaking

Usage: “the peasants found the terms of redemption unattractive”

8) Intrinsic (Adjective) – अंतर्भूत

Meaning: belonging naturally; essential.

Synonyms: inherent, innate, inborn

Antonyms: extrinsic, acquired

Usage:”access to the arts is intrinsic to a high quality of life”

9)Pervasive (Adjective) – प्रचलितमर्मज्ञव्याप्त

Meaning: spreading widely throughout an area or a group of people.

Synonyms:prevalent, penetrating, pervading

Antonyms: light, limited, localised

Usage: “ageism is pervasive and entrenched in our society”

10) Ambiguous (Adjective) – अस्पष्ट

Meaning: not clear or decided.

Synonyms: equivocal, ambivalent, open to debate

Antonyms: unambiguous, clear

Usage: “the election result was ambiguous”

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