The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: Sep Month– Day 21

1)  Indict (verb)

Meaning: To accuse of wrongdoing; To criticize or speak out against (someone or something)

Synonyms: denounce, condemn, censure, accuse, charge, impeach

Antonyms: acquit, absolve, clear

Usage:  They disproportionately indict young african-american men, and they usually do it very quickly.

2) hegemony (noun)

Meaning: Used to refer to something regarded as oppressive or restrictive

Synonyms: yoke, slavery, bondage, enslavement, supremacy, dominance

Antonyms: impotency, powerlessness, outside, submission

Usage: The ruling classes in Europe and Japan are far less willing to accept US hegemony.

3) Haggled (noun)

Meaning: dispute or bargain persistently, especially over the cost of something; To express a different opinion

Synonyms: disagreed, argued, debated, bargained, bartered, wrangled

Antonyms: agreed, complied, concurred

Usage: They haggled for a lower price than that being asked and got the wreck for probably not too much more than it was worth.

4) Inkling (verb)

Meaning: A slight suspicion or hint; The smallest amount

Synonyms: vestige, trace, scrap, notion, hunch, idea, clue

Antonyms: certainty, information, concrete, ignorance, oblivion, unawareness

Usage: If anyone reading this has an inkling as to what it is, please share the knowledge.

5) Harangues (noun) 

Meaning: To make (usually formal and extended) speech on a subject; To blame or insult (someone) in strong or violent language

Synonyms: vituperates, castigates, lambastes, abuses, lectures, declaims, berates, criticises

Antonyms: tribute, accolades, paeans, commendation

Usage: The same strength of expression, though more compressed, runs through his historical harangues.

6) Equanimity (noun)

Meaning: The state of being calm, stable and composed, especially under stress; A state of happiness and satisfaction

Synonyms: contentment, content, composure, coolness, serenity, aplomb

Antonyms: agitation, anxiety, discomposure, perturbation

Usage: The Indians have been watching all this, with equal fits of paroxysms of disbelief in private, and cool equanimity in public.

7) Construe (noun)

Meaning:  To have a particular interpretation of something; To explain the meaning of something; Arrive at a judgment or opinion by reasoning

Synonyms: conclude, gather, deduce, explain, elucidate, clarify, interpret, read, see, understand

Antonyms: obscure, cloud, confuse, fail

Usage: We think it right to construe it in relation to what one would normally think of as legal costs.

8) flagging (Noun)

Meaning: Becoming tired or less dynamic; Exhausted or in need of rest or sleep; Slow to act

Synonyms: dilatory, slow, sluggish, tired, weary, exhausted, fatigued, declining, failing, waning, weakening, fading

Antonyms: refreshed, energetic, fresh, active, inexhaustible, pertinacious

Usage: The moderator was flagging me down because he wanted me to speak for a couple of minutes.

9) fled (noun)

Meaning: To have caused (someone) to be unable to pursue one any longer;

Synonyms: lost, evaded, eluded, dodged, escaped, disappeared, vanished, dissolved,

Antonyms: faced, confronted, encountered, met

Usage: Vlad Burlutskiy is a civic and political activist from Russia who fled the country last year due to increasing threats.

10) Acrid (Adj)

Meaning: Feeling or expressing bitterness or indignation at having been treated unfairly; Having an unpleasant or noxious smell; Having or showing a tendency to be easily annoyed or angered

Synonyms: crabbed cross irritable burning burnt choking malodorous acrimonious bitter embittered

Antonyms: satisfied, unenvious, flattered, kind, mild, sweet

Usage; It hardly takes a brilliant operatic dramaturge to see through this brainless travesty, loaded with irrelevant inventions and non sequiturs.


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