The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: Sep Month– Day 18

1) Hubris (Noun) – अभिमान

Meaning: excessive pride or self-confidence.

Synonyms: arrogance, conceit, conceitedness

Antonyms: modesty

Usage: “the self-assured hubris among economists was shaken in the late 1980s”

2) Bluster (Verb) – आक्रमक तरीके से बात करना  

Meaning: talk in a loud, aggressive, or indignant way with little effect.

Synonyms: rant, thunder, boast

Antonyms:quiet, silence, silentness

Usage: “you threaten and bluster, but won’t carry it through”

3) Rhetorical (Verb) – आलंकारिक

Meaning: relating to or concerned with the art of rhetoric.

Synonyms: stylistic, oratorical, linguistic

Antonyms:nonlexical, nonlinguistic, nonverbal

Usage: “repetition is a common rhetorical device”

4) Indigenous (Adjective) – देशज

Meaning: originating or occurring naturally in a particular place; native.

Synonyms: native, aboriginal, local

Antonyms: expatriate, migrant, adventitious

Usage: “the indigenous peoples of Siberia”

5) Perception (Noun) – अनुभूति

Meaning: awareness of something through the senses.

Synonyms: discernment, appreciation, recognition

Antonyms: ignorance, stupidity, idiocy

Usage: “the perception of pain”

6) Abhorrent (Adjective) – घिनौनापन

Meaning: inspiring disgust and loathing; repugnant.

Synonyms: detestable, detested, hateful

Antonyms: admirable, loved

Usage: “racism was abhorrent to us all”

7) Coherent (Adjective) – संसक्त

Meaning: logical and consistent.

Synonyms: logical, reasoned, reasonable

Antonyms: incoherent, muddled

Usage: “they failed to develop a coherent economic strategy”

8) Surge (Noun) – महोर्मि  

Meaning: a sudden powerful forward or upward movement, especially by a crowd or by a natural force such as the tide.

Synonyms: gush, rush, outpouring

Antonyms: decline, decrease, fall

Usage:”flooding caused by tidal surges”

9) Resounding (Adjective) – अचूक या विशाल  

Meaning: unmistakable; emphatic.

Synonyms:enormous, huge, massive

Antonyms: insignificant, tiny

Usage: “the evening was a resounding success”

10) Accord (Verb) – किसी को देना (शक्ति, स्थिति या मान्यता)

Meaning: give or grant someone (power, status, or recognition).

Synonyms: give, grant, tender

Antonyms: withhold, remove

Usage: “the powers accorded to the head of state”

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