The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: Sep Month– Day 12

1) Perilous (Adjective) — खतरे या जोखिम से भरा

Meaning: full of danger or risk.

Synonyms: dangerous, fraught with danger, hazardous

Antonyms: safe, secure

Usage: “a perilous journey south”

2) Pervasive (Adjective) — प्रचलित

Meaning: spreading widely throughout an area or a group of people.

Synonyms: prevalent, penetrating, pervading

Antonyms: light, limited, localised

Usage: “ageism is pervasive and entrenched in our society”

3) Dangling (Verb) – लटकना या झूलना

Meaning: hang or swing loosely.

Synonyms: hang (down), droop, sag, swing

Antonyms: upright, unbending, full

Usage: “saucepans dangled from a rail”

4) Menace (Verb) — खतरा या संभावित खतरा होना

Meaning: be a threat or possible danger to.

Synonyms: threaten, be a danger to, put at risk

Antonyms: friendly, auspicious

Usage: “Africa’s elephants are still menaced by poaching”

5) Tryst (Noun) — अंतरंग संबंध

Meaning: intimate relations with someone

Synonyms: affair, amour, fling

Antonyms: avoid, reject, decline

Usage: Her father discovers the tryst and immediately arranges to send Claire home.

6) Prominence (Noun) — प्रमुखता

Meaning: the state of being important, famous, or noticeable.

Synonyms: fame, celebrity, eminence

Antonyms: lowland, bottom, crater

Usage: “she came to prominence as an artist in the 1960s”

7) Angst (Noun) – चिंता या भय

Meaning: a feeling of deep anxiety or dread, typically an unfocused one about the human condition or the state of the world in general.

Synonyms: anxiety, fear, dread

Antonyms: calmness, composure, ease

Usage: “the existential angst of the middle classes”

8) Nadir (Noun) — निम्नतम स्तर या बिंदु 

Meaning: the lowest or most unsuccessful point in a situation.

Synonyms: the lowest point, the all-time low, the lowest level

Antonyms: zenith, acme, climax

Usage: “asking that question was the nadir of my career”

9) Deteriorate (Verb) — उत्तरोत्तर बदतर होना 

Meaning: become progressively worse.

Synonyms: worsen, get worse, decline

Antonyms: improve

Usage: “relations between the countries had deteriorated sharply”

10) Plummet (Verb) — तेजी से नीचे गिरना

Meaning: fall or drop straight down at high speed.

Synonyms: plunge, fall headlong, hurtle

Antonyms: arise, ascend, lift

Usage: “a climber was killed when he plummeted 300 feet down an icy gully”


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