English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: May Month – Day 24

1) Tirade (Noun) – निंदा-भाषण

Meaning: A long, angry speech of criticism or accusation.

Synonyms: Diatribe, Invective, Polemic, Denunciation

Antonyms: Compliment, Praise, Calm

2) Scorn (Verb) – अवमानना या तिरस्कार करना

Meaning: Feel or express contempt or disdain for.

Synonyms: Deride, Disdain, disparage,

Antonyms: Admire, Respect

Usage: The minister scorned Labour’s attempt to woo voters

3) Incendiary (Noun) – विस्फोटकबम (आग लगानेवाला)

Meaning: An incendiary bomb or device

Synonyms: Explosive, Bomb

Antonyms: Conciliatory

Usage: The Holy City was blasted by incendiaries

4)  Rigging (Verb) – हेरफेर करना

Meaning: Manage or conduct (something) fraudulently so as to gain an advantage

Synonyms: Manipulate, Influence, Pervert

Antonyms: Depriving, Dispossessing, Divesting

Usage: Even at the Ivies they dress in the standard rigging of the college student: T-shirt and jeans

5) Incite (Verb) – उत्तेजित करना

Meaning: Encourage or stir up (violent or unlawful behaviour).

Synonyms: Work up, Encourage, Stimulate

Antonyms: Suppress, Dissuade, Deter

Usage: They conspired to incite riots

6) Prognosis (Noun) – रोग का निदान

Meaning: The likely course of a medical condition.

Synonyms: Forecast, Prediction, Projection

Usage: It is very difficult to make an accurate prognosis

7) Bulwark (Noun) – एक रक्षात्मक दीवार

Meaning: A defensive wall.

Synonyms: Rampart, Fortification, Parapet

Antonyms: Assail, Assault, Attack

Usage: Democratic principles that stand as a bulwark against tyranny

8) Disrupt (Verb) – बाधा डालना

Meaning: Interrupt (an event, activity, or process) by causing a disturbance or problem.

Synonyms: Distort, Damage, Buckle, Warp

Antonyms: organize, Arrange

Usage: Flooding disrupted rail services

9) Collapse (Verb) – ढहना

Meaning: (of a structure) suddenly fall down or give way.

Synonyms: Cave in, Fall in, Subside

Antonyms: Hold up

Usage: The roof collapsed on top of me

10) Dent (Verb) – कम करना

Meaning: Have an adverse effect on; diminish.

Synonyms: Diminish, Reduce, Lessen, Shrink

Antonyms: Increase

Usage: He hit a concrete bollard, denting the wing

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