English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: May Month – Day 17

1) Confined (Adjective) – परिरुद्ध

Meaning: restricted in area or volume; cramped.

Synonyms: cramped, constricted, restricted

Antonyms: open, roomy

Usage: “her fear of confined spaces”

2) Etiquette (Noun) – शिष्टाचार 

Meaning: the customary code of polite behaviour in society or among members of a particular profession or group.

Synonyms: protocol, polite behaviour

Antonyms: discourtesy, immorality

Usage: “the rules of etiquette are changing”

3) Persistent (Adjective) – दृढ़

Meaning: continuing firmly or obstinately in an opinion or course of action in spite of difficulty or opposition.

Synonyms: tenacious, persevering, determined

Antonyms: irresolute

Usage: “one of the government’s most persistent critics”

4) Devolve (Verb) – हस्तान्तरित होना

Meaning: transfer or delegate (power) to a lower level

Synonyms: depute, transfer

Antonyms: centralize, retain

Usage: “measures to devolve power to a Scottish assembly”

5) Imperative (Adjective) – महत्वपूर्ण

Meaning: of vital importance; crucial.

Synonyms: all-important, vital, crucial

Antonyms: unimportant, optional

Usage: “immediate action was imperative”

6) Shaky (Adjective) – काँपना

Meaning: shaking or trembling.

Synonyms: trembling, shaking, tremulous

Antonyms: steady

Usage: “she managed a shaky laugh”

7) Resumption (Noun) – पुनरारंभ

Meaning: the action of beginning something again after a pause or interruption.

Synonyms: restart, restarting, recommencement

Antonyms: suspension, abandonment

Usage: “with peace came the resumption of foreign imports”

8) Intermittent (Adjective) – आंतरायिक

Meaning: occurring at irregular intervals; not continuous or steady.

Synonyms: sporadic, irregular, fitful

Antonyms: continuous, steady

Usage: “intermittent rain”

9) Prudent (Adjective) – विवेकी

Meaning: acting with or showing care and thought for the future.

Synonyms: wise, well judged, judicious

Antonyms: unwise, imprudent, incautious

Usage: “no prudent money manager would authorize a loan without first knowing its purpose”

10) Semblance (Noun) – बाहरी दिखावा

Meaning: the outward appearance or apparent form of something, especially when the reality is different.

Synonyms: appearance, outward appearance

Antonyms: back, character, concrete

Usage: “she tried to force her thoughts back into some semblance of order”

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