English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: May Month – Day 14

1) Consensus (Noun) – मतैक्य

Meaning: a general agreement.

Synonyms: agreement, harmony, concord

Antonyms: disagreement, minority view

Usage: “there is a growing consensus that the current regime has failed”

2) Incurring (Verb) – के अधीन हो जाना

Meaning: become subject to (something unwelcome or unpleasant) as a result of one’s own behaviour or actions.

Synonyms: suffer, sustain, experience

Antonyms: avoid

Usage: “I will pay any expenses incurred”

3) Certitude (Noun) – निश्चितता

Meaning: absolute certainty or conviction that something is the case.

Synonyms: certainty, confidence, sureness

Antonyms: doubt

Usage: “the question may never be answered with certitude”

4) Daunting (Adjective) – भयभीत करने वाला

Meaning: seeming difficult to deal with in prospect; intimidating.

Synonyms: intimidating, formidable, disconcerting

Antonyms: encouraging, heartening

Usage: “a daunting task”

5) Zeal (Noun) – बड़ी ऊर्जा या उत्साह या जोश

Meaning: great energy or enthusiasm in pursuit of a cause or an objective.

Synonyms: passion, zealousness, committedness

Antonyms: apathy, indifference

Usage: “his zeal for privatization”

6) Amid (Preposition) – के बीच में 

Meaning: surrounded by; in the middle of.

Synonyms: in the middle of, surrounded by

Antonyms: surrounding

Usage: “our dream home, set amid magnificent rolling countryside”

7) Desperation (Noun) – निराशा

Meaning: a state of despair, typically one which results in rash or extreme behaviour.

Synonyms: hopelessness, despair, distress

Antonyms: hope, hopefulness

Usage: “she wrote to him in desperation”

8) Dwindling (Verb) – कम करना या घटाना 

Meaning: diminish gradually in size, amount, or strength.

Synonyms: diminish, decrease, reduce

Antonyms: increase, flourish

Usage: “traffic has dwindled to a trickle”

9) Combat (Noun) – युद्ध

Meaning: fighting between armed forces.

Synonyms: battle, fighting, action

Antonyms: agreement, armistice, peace

Usage: “five Hurricanes were shot down in combat”

10) Appalling (Adjective) – भय उत्पन्न करनेवाला

Meaning: causing shock or dismay; horrific.

Synonyms: shocking, horrific, horrifying

Antonyms: comforting, consolatory

Usage: “the cat suffered appalling injuries during the attack”

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