The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: May Month– Day 11

DIMINUTION (Noun) : अवनति

  • Meaning: a reduction in the size, extent, or importance of something.
  • अर्थ: किसी चीज के आकार, सीमा या महत्व में कमी।
  • Synonyms: curtailment,  contraction, constriction, restriction, limitation
  • Antonyms: increase, expansion, growth
  • Sentence:  The diminution of cafeteria monitors has resulted in an increase in food fights at the high school.

RELENT (verb) : नरम पड़ना

  • Meaning: to cease resistance (as to another’s arguments, demands, or control).
  • अर्थ: प्रतिरोध को रोकना (दूसरे के तर्क, मांग या नियंत्रण के अनुसार)।
  • Synonyms: concede, give in, submit, succumb.
  • Antonyms: combat, confront, counter, defy.
  • Sentence: Because my mother is very angry, she won’t relent on my severe punishment.

Malapert (adjective)  : गुस्ताख़

  • Meaning: boldly disrespectful; impudent.
  • अर्थ: साहसपूर्वक अनादर।
  • Synonym: impertinent, cheeky, rude, brazen.
  • Antonyms: courteous, humble, modest, polite.
  • Sentence: In a fury, she said that he was too malapert to give her such an answer, and affirmed that both he and they should repent it.

Taciturn(Adjective) : अल्पभाषी

  • Meaning: tending to be quiet, not speaking frequently.
  • अर्थ: शांत रहना, बार-बार नहीं बोलना।
  • Synonym: closemouthed, laconic, untalkative, uncommunicative, reticent, reserved.
  • Antonym: chatty, garrulous, blabby, talkative, loquacious
  • Sentence: He is somewhat taciturn young man.

Covenant (Noun) : नियम

  • Meaning: an agreement., agree by lease, deed, or other legal contract.
  • अर्थ: एक अनुबंध, पट्टे, विलेख या अन्य कानूनी अनुबंध से सहमत हैं।
  • Synonym: accord, deal, bargain, settlement
  • Antonym: disagreement, denial, misunderstanding, refusal
  • Sentence: “there was a covenant between the Indian government and British government to bring down the fugitive.

De facto (Adverb , Adjective) : वास्तव में

  • Meaning: in fact, whether by right or not. (Adverb)
  • अर्थ: वास्तव में, सही से या नहीं। (क्रिया विशेषण)
  • Synonyms: actually, in fact, in reality, in effect
  • Antonyms: de jure, non-realistic, allegedly, hypothetically
  • Usage in a Sentence: With the death of his father, he became the de facto head of the family.

Theological (adjective) : आध्यात्मविद्या सम्बन्धी

  • Meaning: relating to the study of the nature of God and religious belief
  • अर्थ: ईश्वर के स्वरूप और धार्मिक विश्वास के अध्ययन से संबंधित है
  • Synonyms: religious, scriptural, doctrinal
  • Antonyms: atheism, blasphemy, godlessness
  • Usage in a sentence: So if you like, a theological religious foundation was being laid for social action

ABLUTION (Noun) : स्नान

  • Meaning:a cleansing with water or other liquid, especially as a religious ritual.
  • अर्थ: पानी या अन्य तरल के साथ सफाई, विशेष रूप से एक धार्मिक अनुष्ठान के रूप में।
  • Synonyms:purification, cleansing
  • Antonyms: impure
  • Example: While the bandaging no longer takes place, the ritual ablutions are still performed.

Clinch (Verb, Noun) : पकड़

  • Meaning: confirm or settle (a contract or bargain).
  • अर्थ: पुष्टि या समझौता (एक अनुबंध या सौदा)।
  • Synonyms: grip, clasp, settle
  • Antonyms: unlock, release
  • Usage in a sentence: They are hoping to clinch a major deal to supply computers to the army.

Ambivalent (Adjective ) : द्वैधवृत्तिक

  • Meaning: having mixed feelings or contradictory ideas about something or someone.
  • अर्थ: किसी चीज या किसी के बारे में मिश्रित भावनाएं या विरोधाभासी विचार रखना।
  • Synonyms: uncertain, undecided, unsure, unsettled
  • Antonyms: certain, sure, conclusive, decided
  • Usage in a sentence: The Australian private sector is increasingly bullish about the technology’s future, despite its government’s generally ambivalent attitude toward climate change.

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