The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: May Month– Day 10

Afflict(Verb) : पीड़ा देना

  • Meaning: Cause pain or suffering
  • अर्थ: पीड़ा या पीड़ा का कारण
  • Synonym: distress, grieve
  • Antonym: please, relieve
  • Usage: This will remove the problems afflicting society, specially those affecting the working class majority.

AXIOMATIC (Adjective) : सिद्ध

  • Meaning: self-evident or unquestionable.
  • अर्थ: स्वयं स्पष्ट या निर्विवाद।
  • Synonym: Understood, Given, Granted, self-evident
  • Antonym: Misunderstood, uncertain
  • Usage: The arithmetic principles are axiomatic in nature.

WREST (Verb) : हथियाना

  • Meaning: forcibly pull (something) from a person’s grasp.
  • अर्थ: किसी व्यक्ति की समझ से जबरन (कुछ) खींचना।
  • Synonyms: wrench, snatch, seize, grab
  • Antonyms: give
  • Usage: Sita felt she had to wrest the weapon from the hostage-taker for the sake of her safety.

BACKSTOP (noun) : सुरक्षा

  • Meaning: an emergency precaution or last resort.
  • अर्थ: एक आपातकालीन एहतियात या अंतिम उपाय।
  • Synonyms: safeguard, preventive measure, insurance.
  • Antonyms: constraint, limitation, restriction, sanction.
  • Usage: They want the Democrats to act as a backstop for this wild nonsense.

Contrition:(Noun) : पछतावा

  • Meaning:- the state of feeling sorry for bad behaviour: the state of repentance.
  • अर्थ:  बुरे व्यवहार के लिए खेद महसूस करने की स्थिति: पश्चाताप की स्थिति।
  • Synonyms: contriteness, guilt, penitence, regret, remorse, repentance
  • Antonyms:-impenitence, remorselessness
  • Usage:- The defendant pled guilty to the crime and expressed heartfelt contrition for the things he had done.

Plaintive (Adjective) : दर्दनाक

  • Meaning: expressing suffering or sadness, sounding sad and mournful.
  • अर्थ: दुख या दुख व्यक्त करना, दु: खी और शोकाकुल लगना।
  • Synonym: aching, agonized, bitter, mournful, sad, wistful, doleful, pathetic, pitiful, piteous, melancholy, lamentable
  • Antonym: delighted, exulting, glorying, happy, joyful, rejoicing, triumphant, jocus, blithesome, euphoric.
  • Usage:- We could hear the plaintive cry of the wounded animal in the woods.

EMANCIPATE : स्वतंत्र करना

  • Meaning: to give people social or political freedom and rights
  • अर्थ: लोगों को सामाजिक या राजनीतिक स्वतंत्रता और अधिकार देना
  • Synonyms: discharge, liberate
  • Antonyms: confine, restrain
  • Usage: Produce a bill to emancipate the slaves in the District of Columbia, or, if you prefer it, to emancipate those born hereafter.

SHUNT (Verb) : अलग धकेलना

  • Meaning: to push or shove something
  • अर्थ: किसी चीज को धकेलना या हटाना
  • Synonyms: avoid, deter
  • Antonyms: aid, allow
  • Usage: It’s unfortunate that our society tends to shunt older workers to retirement before they are ready.

UNABATED (Adjective): अक्षीण

  • Meaning: without any reduction in intensity or strength.
  • अर्थ: तीव्रता या शक्ति में कमी के बिना।
  • Synonyms: incessant, persistent
  • Antonyms: intermittent, relenting
  • Usage:They danced all night with unabated energy.

GRANULAR (adjective) : बारीक/ दानेदार 

  • Meaning: Resembling or consisting of small grains or particles.
  • अर्थ: छोटे दाने या कणों से मिलकर या मिलकर।
  • Synonyms: powdery, grainy, gritty, sandy.
  • Antonyms: soft, fine, smooth, glossy.
  • Usage: In the dry state, granular soil particles can be easily separated and identified.

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