The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: July Month – Day 8

1)  brooked (verb) – विचार, सहन, अनुमोदित करना

Meaning: to consider or give serious or careful thought to; To have tolerated

Synonyms: entertained, considered, contemplated, tolerated, approved, beared

Antonyms: abhorred, disfavored, disapproved

Usage:  Coming from an ordinary person, how can such a challenge ever be brooked?

2) Unwittingly (verb) – भोलेपन से, गलती से

Meaning: In an accidental manner ; having no knowledge of a situation or fact ; lacking

worldly experience, wisdom, or judgment

Synonyms: innocently, naively, ingenuously, ignorantly, unconsciously, inadvertently, accidentally

Antonyms: advisedly, knowingly, intentionally

Usage: He unwittingly made the mistake of questioning the command of the local tyrant.

3) flogged (noun) – कोड़े लगाना

Meaning: To have dispossessed someone of something; to lash or strike repeatedly, especially with a long pliable instrument; to work arduously in pursuit of an aim or goal

Synonyms:  strained, pushed, stole, pilfered, purloined, whipped, lashed, scourged

Antonyms: guarded, protected

Usage:  The Tablighi Jamaat was mercilessly flogged, especially by certain people and sections of the electronic media, in order to profile Muslims adversely.

Flogged in an enclosed public space, their bloodied bodies must have been brought to the hospital in the full public glare,

4) residual (verb) – अवशिष्ट

Meaning: Remaining after the greater part or quantity has gone ; The act of entailing,

the state of being entailed, or something that is entailed ;

Synonyms: consequence, ramification, repercussion, lasting, lingering, abiding, enduring

Antonyms: core, base, requisite, essential

Usage: Indeed, residual elements of the public display of violence are evident even in Raja’s case.

5) surfeit (noun) – अतिरेक

Meaning: An excessive amount of something; To cause a feeling of disgust or revulsion in; To provide assuagement or palliation to

Synonyms:  assuage, calm, soothe, disgust, repel, revolt excess, oversupply, superabundance

Antonyms: deficiency, insufficiency, thinness, boniness, emaciation

Usage:  Yet they were victims of a surfeit of unwarranted violence..

6) facade (noun) – मुहार

Meaning: A deceptive outward appearance; A person or thing used to mislead or lure someone into a trap; The representation of something through art or imagery; The outside part or uppermost layer of something

Synonyms: representation, picture, decoy, lure, bait, attraction surface, exterior, outside

Antonyms: semblance, act, appearance

Usage: The action of remanding Rahul to judicial custody exemplified an infirm, callous, judicial system designed to keep up the façade of the rule of law.

7) wrought (verb) – गढ़ा गया

Meaning:  Having been worked or prepared somehow; Finished or having been brought to an end; To have convinced or manipulated; to move in an agitated manner; to produce as a result of the effort

Synonyms: quivered, convulsed, agitated, accomplished, achieved, toiled, drudged, hustled

Antonyms: influenced, convinced, confused, abashed, addled, baffled, pacified, placated, subdued

Usage: Sam appeared to believe not in a post-independent constitutional state but under a local police state wrought in the colonial or pre-colonial era.

8) splintered (Adj) – किरचों में तोड़ना

Meaning:  having been broken ; break or cause to break into small sharp fragments

Synonyms: fractured, shattered, split, disintegrated

Antonyms: combined, fixed, mended, unbroken, whole, intact

Usage: It is as if the entire country is splintered into little fiefdoms(spheres, areas, fields) , each believing to have a monopoly of violence. The bare bones of the incident are widely known.

9) Facetious (noun) – अमान्य परीक्षण, अन्याय, मजाक

Meaning: A false, absurd, or distorted representation of something;

Synonyms: invalid trial, injustice, mockery, caricature, parody, sham

Antonyms: truth, honesty, reality, flatter, praise

Usage: This slightly facetious example is an illustration of a problem that is causing some real teeth-gnashing..

10) Succour (Adj) – परेशानी में सहायता

Meaning: Give assistance or aid to; Feel or express sympathy

Synonyms: relieve, alleviate, aid, help, assist

Antonyms: agitation, annoyance, antagonism,  hindrance, obstruction

Usage: It is true that all NGOs, except those exclusively concerned with succour and relief, are about change.

Conditions deteriorated and the milch cow of the state could no longer succour the system.

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