1) brooked (verb) – विचार, सहन, अनुमोदित करना
Meaning: to consider or give serious or careful thought to; To have tolerated
Synonyms: entertained, considered, contemplated, tolerated, approved, beared
Antonyms: abhorred, disfavored, disapproved
Usage: Coming from an ordinary person, how can such a challenge ever be brooked?
2) Unwittingly (verb) – भोलेपन से, गलती से
Meaning: In an accidental manner ; having no knowledge of a situation or fact ; lacking
worldly experience, wisdom, or judgment
Synonyms: innocently, naively, ingenuously, ignorantly, unconsciously, inadvertently, accidentally
Antonyms: advisedly, knowingly, intentionally
Usage: He unwittingly made the mistake of questioning the command of the local tyrant.
3) flogged (noun) – कोड़े लगाना
Meaning: To have dispossessed someone of something; to lash or strike repeatedly, especially with a long pliable instrument; to work arduously in pursuit of an aim or goal
Synonyms: strained, pushed, stole, pilfered, purloined, whipped, lashed, scourged
Antonyms: guarded, protected
Usage: The Tablighi Jamaat was mercilessly flogged, especially by certain people and sections of the electronic media, in order to profile Muslims adversely.
Flogged in an enclosed public space, their bloodied bodies must have been brought to the hospital in the full public glare,
4) residual (verb) – अवशिष्ट
Meaning: Remaining after the greater part or quantity has gone ; The act of entailing,
the state of being entailed, or something that is entailed ;
Synonyms: consequence, ramification, repercussion, lasting, lingering, abiding, enduring
Antonyms: core, base, requisite, essential
Usage: Indeed, residual elements of the public display of violence are evident even in Raja’s case.
5) surfeit (noun) – अतिरेक
Meaning: An excessive amount of something; To cause a feeling of disgust or revulsion in; To provide assuagement or palliation to
Synonyms: assuage, calm, soothe, disgust, repel, revolt excess, oversupply, superabundance
Antonyms: deficiency, insufficiency, thinness, boniness, emaciation
Usage: Yet they were victims of a surfeit of unwarranted violence..
6) facade (noun) – मुहार
Meaning: A deceptive outward appearance; A person or thing used to mislead or lure someone into a trap; The representation of something through art or imagery; The outside part or uppermost layer of something
Synonyms: representation, picture, decoy, lure, bait, attraction surface, exterior, outside
Antonyms: semblance, act, appearance
Usage: The action of remanding Rahul to judicial custody exemplified an infirm, callous, judicial system designed to keep up the façade of the rule of law.
7) wrought (verb) – गढ़ा गया
Meaning: Having been worked or prepared somehow; Finished or having been brought to an end; To have convinced or manipulated; to move in an agitated manner; to produce as a result of the effort
Synonyms: quivered, convulsed, agitated, accomplished, achieved, toiled, drudged, hustled
Antonyms: influenced, convinced, confused, abashed, addled, baffled, pacified, placated, subdued
Usage: Sam appeared to believe not in a post-independent constitutional state but under a local police state wrought in the colonial or pre-colonial era.
8) splintered (Adj) – किरचों में तोड़ना
Meaning: having been broken ; break or cause to break into small sharp fragments
Synonyms: fractured, shattered, split, disintegrated
Antonyms: combined, fixed, mended, unbroken, whole, intact
Usage: It is as if the entire country is splintered into little fiefdoms(spheres, areas, fields) , each believing to have a monopoly of violence. The bare bones of the incident are widely known.
9) Facetious (noun) – अमान्य परीक्षण, अन्याय, मजाक
Meaning: A false, absurd, or distorted representation of something;
Synonyms: invalid trial, injustice, mockery, caricature, parody, sham
Antonyms: truth, honesty, reality, flatter, praise
Usage: This slightly facetious example is an illustration of a problem that is causing some real teeth-gnashing..
10) Succour (Adj) – परेशानी में सहायता
Meaning: Give assistance or aid to; Feel or express sympathy
Synonyms: relieve, alleviate, aid, help, assist
Antonyms: agitation, annoyance, antagonism, hindrance, obstruction
Usage: It is true that all NGOs, except those exclusively concerned with succour and relief, are about change.
Conditions deteriorated and the milch cow of the state could no longer succour the system.
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- Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: May Month– Day 15
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