The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: July Month – Day 5

1) Premeditated (Verb) – पूर्वचिन्तित

Meaning: think out or plan (an action, especially a crime) beforehand.

Synonyms: planned, intentional, intended

Antonyms: accidental, unintentional, spontaneous

Usage: “premeditated murder”

2) Leverage (Noun) – उत्तोलन

Meaning: the exertion of force by means of a lever.

Synonyms: grip, purchase, hold

Antonyms:weakness, impotence, powerlessness

Usage: “my spade hit something solid that wouldn’t respond to leverage”

3) Traumatic (Adjective) – दर्दनाक

Meaning: deeply disturbing or distressing.

Synonyms: disturbing, shocking, distressing

Antonyms:soothing, calming, successful

Usage: “she was going through a traumatic divorce”

4) Reverberated (Verb) – गूंजना

Meaning: be repeated several times as an echo.

Synonyms: resound, echo, re-echo

Antonyms: held, kept, retained

Usage: “her deep booming laugh reverberated around the room”

5) Impropriety (Noun) – अनौचित्य

Meaning: failure to observe standards of honesty or modesty; improper behaviour or character.

Synonyms: wrongdoing, misconduct, dishonesty

Antonyms: propriety

Usage: “she was scandalized at the impropriety of the question”

6) Defamation (Noun) – मानहानि

Meaning: the action of damaging the good reputation of someone; slander or libel.

Synonyms: libel, slander, character assassination

Antonyms: commendation

Usage: “she sued him for defamation”

7) Rapport (Noun) – संबंध

Meaning: a relationship of mutual trust and respect

Synonyms: affinity, close/special relationship, (mutual) understanding

Antonyms: coldness, disagreement, discord

Usage: “she was able to establish a good rapport with the children”

8) Cleaved (Verb) – अलग या विभाजित करना

Meaning: split or sever (something), especially along a natural line or grain.

Synonyms: split, split open, crack open

Antonyms: closed, combined, connected

Usage:”the large axe his father used to cleave wood for the fire”

9) Unprecedented (Adjective) – अभूतपूर्व

Meaning: never done or known before.

Synonyms:unparalleled, unequalled, unmatched

Antonyms: Normal, common

Usage: “the government took the unprecedented step of releasing confidential correspondence”

10) Endorsement (Noun) – परांकन

Meaning: the action of endorsing someone or something.

Synonyms: support, backing, approval

Antonyms: opposition

Usage: “the issue of full independence received overwhelming endorsement”


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