The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: July Month – Day 3

1) Thronging (Verb) – झुंड या बड़ी संख्या में मौजूद होना  

Meaning: flock or be present in great numbers.

Synonyms: rush, stream, flock

Antonyms: dispersed, loose, open

Usage: “tourists thronged to the picturesque village”

2) Pinnacle (Noun) – उच्चतम स्तरशिखरऊंचाई

Meaning: the most successful point; the culmination.

Synonyms: highest level, peak, height

Antonyms: nadir, trough

Usage: “he had reached the pinnacle of his career”

3) Skirmishes (Noun) – तर्क या झगड़ा

Meaning: a short argument.

Synonyms: argument, quarrel, squabble

Antonyms: agrees, harmonises

Usage: “there was a skirmish over the budget”

4) Protracted (Verb) – अवधि का विस्तार करना

Meaning: prolong.

Synonyms: prolong, extend, extend the duration of

Antonyms: curtail, shorten

Usage: “he had certainly taken his time, even protracting the process”

5) Churn (Noun) – मथनी

Meaning: move or cause to move about vigorously.

Synonyms: be turbulent, heave, boil

Antonyms: freeze, be happy, stream

Usage: “the seas churned”

6) Paradoxes (Noun) – असत्याभास

Meaning: a seemingly absurd or contradictory statement or proposition which when investigated may prove to be well founded or true.

Synonyms: contradiction, contradiction in terms, self-contradiction

Antonyms: accuracy, certainty, correction

Usage: “the uncertainty principle leads to all sorts of paradoxes, like the particles being in two places at once”

7) Requisite (Adjective) – अपेक्षित

Meaning: ade necessary by particular circumstances or regulations.

Synonyms: necessary, required, prerequisite

Antonyms: optional, unnecessary, non-essential

Usage: “the application will not be processed until the requisite fee is paid”

8) Relegated (Verb) – बाहर निकाल देना

Meaning: assign an inferior rank or position to.

Synonyms: downgrade, lower, lower in rank/status

Antonyms: upgrade, promote

Usage: “they aim to prevent women from being relegated to a secondary role”

9) Putative (Adjective) – ख्यात

Meaning: generally considered or reputed to be.

Synonyms: supposed, assumed, presumed

Antonyms: proven, real, true

Usage: “the putative author of the book”

10) Contention (Noun) – विवाद

Meaning: heated disagreement.

Synonyms: disagreement, dispute, disputation

Antonyms: agreement

Usage: “the captured territory was the main area of contention between the two countries”

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