The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: Feb Month– Day 2

1) Zeal (Noun) — उत्साह

Meaning: great energy or enthusiasm in pursuit of a cause or an objective.

Synonyms: passion, zealousness, committedness

Antonyms: apathy, indifference

Usage: “his zeal for privatization”

2) Cognisance (Noun) — संज्ञान

Meaning: knowledge or awareness.

Synonyms: awareness, notice, knowledge

Antonyms:ignorance, disregard, unawareness

Usage: “the Renaissance cognisance of Greece was limited”

3) Hurling (Verb) – फेंकना  

Meaning: throw or impel (someone or something) with great force.

Synonyms: throw, toss, fling, pitch

Antonyms:catch, hold

Usage: “rioters hurled a brick through the windscreen”

4) Restraining (Verb) — निरोधक

Meaning: prevent (someon e or something) from doing something; keep under control or within limits.

Synonyms: prevent, stop, keep

Antonyms: force, compel, encourage

Usage: “the need to restrain public expenditure”

5) Menace (Noun) —  धमकी

Meaning: a threatening quality or atmosphere.

Synonyms: threat, ominousness, intimidation

Antonyms: friendly, auspicious

Usage: “he spoke the words with a hint of menace”

6) Pervasive (Adjective) — प्रचलित

Meaning: spreading widely throughout an area or a group of people

Synonyms: prevalent, penetrating, pervading

Antonyms: unpopular, uncommon,unliked

Usage: “ageism is pervasive and entrenched in our society”

7) Hapless (Adjective) —  अभागी

Meaning: (especially of a person) unfortunate.

Synonyms: unfortunate, unlucky, luckless

Antonyms: lucky

Usage: “the hapless victims of the disaster”

8) Ramshackle (Adjective) — टूटा-फूटा

Meaning: in a state of severe disrepair.

Synonyms: tumbledown, dilapidated, derelict

Antonyms: well maintained, sturdy

Usage:”a ramshackle cottage”

9) Hues (Noun) — चरित्र या पहलू

Meaning: character or aspect.

Synonyms:type, kind, sort, cast

Antonyms: reality

Usage: “men of all political hues submerged their feuds”

10) Recalcitrant (Adjective) – आज्ञा न माननेवाला

Meaning: having an obstinately uncooperative attitude towards authority or discipline.

Synonyms: uncooperative, obstinately disobedient

Antonyms: amenable, docile, compliant

Usage: “a class of recalcitrant fifteen-year-olds”

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