The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: Dec Month– Day 1

1) Reinforced (Verb) – प्रबलित करना 

Meaning: strengthen or support (an object or substance), especially with additional material.

Synonyms: strengthen, fortify, bolster up

Antonyms: fragile, crumbling, decaying

Usage: “the helmet has been reinforced with a double layer of cork”

2) Outsmarts (Verb) – चतुरता में मात देना

Meaning: defeat or get the better of (someone) by being clever or cunning.

Synonyms: outwit, out-think, outmanoeuvre

Antonyms: aids, assists, explains

Usage: “the hero is invariably outsmarted by the heroine”

3) Façade (Noun) – जावक उपस्थिति

Meaning: a deceptive outward appearance.

Synonyms: show, front, appearance

Antonyms: character, personality, reality

Usage: “her flawless public facade masked private despair”

4) Discordant (Adjective) – बेताल

Meaning: disagreeing or incongruous.

Synonyms: in disagreement, at variance, at odds

Antonyms: in agreement, harmonious, compatible

Usage: “the operative principle of democracy is a balance of discordant qualities”

5) Flaking (Verb) – छीलना 

Meaning: come or fall away from a surface in flakes.

Synonyms: peel off, peel, chip

Antonyms: smooth

Usage: “the paint had been flaking off for years”

6) Spurt (Noun) – जोरदार धारा में बह जाना

Meaning: gush out in a sudden and forceful stream.

Synonyms: squirt, shoot, spray

Antonyms: continuity, peace, trickle

Usage: “he cut his finger, and blood spurted over the sliced potatoes”

7) Sagacious (Adjective) – मेधावी

Meaning: having or showing keen mental discernment and good judgement; wise or shrewd.

Synonyms: wise, clever, intelligent

Antonyms: stupid, foolish

Usage: “they were sagacious enough to avoid any outright confrontation”

8) Anomaly (Noun) – असंगति

Meaning: something that deviates from what is standard, normal, or expected.

Synonyms: oddity, peculiarity, abnormality

Antonyms: average, norm, normal

Usage: “there are a number of anomalies in the present system”

9) Spurred (Verb) – उत्तेजित करना

Meaning: give an incentive or encouragement to (someone).

Synonyms: encourage, prompt, propel

Antonyms: prevented, stopped, counteracted

Usage: “her sons’ passion for computer games spurred her on to set up a software business”

10) Tedium (Noun) – एकरसता

Meaning: the state or quality of being tedious.

Synonyms: monotony, monotonousness, tediousness

Antonyms: variety, excitement

Usage: “the tedium of car journeys”

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