The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: Aug Month – Day 1

1) Desperation (Noun) – निराशा

Meaning: a state of despair, typically one which results in rash or extreme behaviour.

Synonyms: hopelessness, despair, distress

Antonyms: hope, hopefulness, advantage

Usage: “she wrote to him in desperation”

2) Legitimate (Adjective) – कानूनी

Meaning: conforming to the law or to rules.

Synonyms: legal, lawful, licit

Antonyms:illegal, illegitimate

Usage: “his claims to legitimate authority”

3) Convulsed (Verb) – काबू / हिंसक रूप से हिलना

Meaning: suffer violent involuntary contraction of the muscles, producing contortion of the body or limbs.

Synonyms: shake uncontrollably/violently, go into spasms

Antonyms:cried, wept, sobbed

Usage: “she convulsed, collapsing to the floor with the pain”

4) Crippled (Verb) – विकलांग होना

Meaning: cause (someone) to become unable to walk or move properly.

Synonyms: disable, paralyse, immobilize

Antonyms: able-bodied

Usage: “a young student was crippled for life”

5) Tilt (Noun) – झुकाव

Meaning: move or cause to move into a sloping position.

Synonyms: lean, tip, list

Antonyms: level, right

Usage: “the floor tilted slightly”

6) Plunged (Verb) – जल्दी से जोर लगाना

Meaning: push or thrust quickly.

Synonyms: thrust, stick, ram

Antonyms: increased, rose, grew

Usage: “he plunged his hands into his pockets”

7) Stampeded (Verb) – बेतहाशा भागना

Meaning: rush wildly in a sudden mass panic.

Synonyms: bolt, charge, rush

Antonyms: retreat, standing, recess

Usage: “the nearby sheep stampeded as if they sensed impending danger”

8) Dumping (Verb) – के निपटान करना

Meaning: deposit or dispose of (rubbish, waste, or unwanted material), typically in a careless or hurried way.

Synonyms: dispose of, get rid of, throw away

Antonyms: beginning, building, construction

Usage:”trucks dumped 1,900 tons of refuse here”

9) Boycott (Noun) – बहिष्कार

Meaning: withdraw from commercial or social relations with (a country, organization, or person) as a punishment or protest.

Synonyms:spurn, snub, cold-shoulder

Antonyms: support, approve of

Usage: “we will boycott all banks which take part in the loans scheme”

10) Augur(Noun) – अच्छे या बुरे परिणाम को चित्रित करना

Meaning: portend a good or bad outcome.

Synonyms: bode, portend, herald

Antonyms: conceal, estimate, guess

Usage: “the end of the cold war seemed to augur well”

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