English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: April Month – Day 22

1) Collated (Verb) – इकट्ठा करना या जमा करना

Meaning: collect and combine (texts, information, or data).

Synonyms: collect, gather, accumulate

Antonyms: separate

Usage: “all the information obtained is being collated”

2) Akin (Adjective) – समानसंबंधित

Meaning: of similar character.

Synonyms: similar, related, close

Antonyms: unlike

Usage: “something akin to gratitude overwhelmed her”

3) Incipient (Adjective) – उत्पन्न होनेवाला

Meaning: developing into a specified type or role.

Synonyms: developing, impending, growing

Antonyms: full-blown

Usage: “we seemed more like friends than incipient lovers”

4) Cognisant (Adjective) – ज्ञान या जागरूकता होना

Meaning: having knowledge or awareness.

Synonyms: aware, conscious, apprised

Antonyms: insensible, oblivious, unaware

Usage: “statesmen must be cognizant of the political boundaries within which they work”

5) Breach (Noun) – उल्लंघन

Meaning: an act of breaking or failing to observe a law, agreement, or code of conduct.

Synonyms: contravention, violation, breaking

Antonyms: agreement, bridge

Usage: “a breach of confidence”

6) Exempting (Verb) – छूट देना

Meaning: free (a person or organization) from an obligation or liability imposed on others.

Synonyms: free from, not liable to, not subject to

Antonyms: liable to, subject to

Usage: “they were exempted from paying the tax”

7) Beset (Noun) – लगातार परेशान 

Meaning: trouble (someone or something) persistently.

Synonyms: bedevil, attack, assail

Antonyms: aid, assist, clarify

Usage: “the social problems that beset the UK”

8) Gambit (Noun) – कूटयुक्ति

Meaning: an act or remark that is calculated to gain an advantage, especially at the outset of a situation.

Synonyms: stratagem, machination, scheme

Antonyms: frankness, honesty, openness

Usage: “his resignation was a tactical gambit”

9) Bump (Verb) – टकराना

Meaning: knock or run into someone or something with a jolt.

Synonyms: hit, ram, bang (into)

Antonyms: miss

Usage: “I almost bumped into him”

10) Burnished (Verb) – पालिश करना या चिकनाना

Meaning: polish (something, especially metal) by rubbing.

Synonyms: polish (up), shine, brighten

Antonyms: dull

Usage: “highly burnished armour”

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