Latest Current Affairs Daily Update

09th and 10th Sep Current Affairs Headlines

Important Days

International Day to Protect Education from Attack

International Day to Protect Education from Attack is observed globally on 9th September. In proclaiming the International Day to Protect Education from Attack to be celebrated for the first time in 2020.

The Day draws attention to the plight of more than 75 million 3-to-18-year-olds living in 35 crisis-affected countries and to their urgent need of educational support.

It expresses concern over the effects of continued violence on these children and their ability to access education, whose consequences require special attention beyond the needs of learners whose establishments were temporarily closed due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Useful Notes for all competitive exams:

  • UNESCO headquarters: Paris, France.
  • UNESCO Head: Audrey Azoulay.
  • UNESCO Founded: 16 November 1945.
  • UNICEF Executive Director: Henrietta H. Fore.
  • UNICEF Founded: 11 December 1946.
  • UNICEF Headquarters: New York, United States.

International Literacy Day

International Literacy Day is observed globally on 8th September every year. The day spread awareness about the importance of literacy for individuals, communities, and societies and the need for intensified efforts towards more literate societies.

International Literacy Day 2020 focuses on “Literacy teaching and learning in the COVID-19 crisis and beyond,” especially on the role of educators and changing pedagogies. The theme highlights literacy learning in a lifelong learning perspective, and therefore, mainly focuses on youth and adults.

Useful Notes for all competitive exams:

  • UNESCO headquarters: Paris, France.
  • UNESCO Head: Audrey Azoulay.
  • UNESCO Founded: 16 November 1945.

National Headlines

GoI launches mental health rehabilitation helpline “KIRAN”

Social Justice and Empowerment Ministry have launched a toll-free mental health rehabilitation helpline “KIRAN”. The helpline – 1800-500-0019 will provide relief and support to persons with mental illness.

The helpline will resolve mental health issues that are related to the following namely, anxiety, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD), depression, Panic Attack(s) Adjustment Disorders, suicidal thoughts, substance abuse, Post Traumatic Stress Disorders and the psychological issues & mental health emergencies induced by the pandemic.

It will offer mental health rehabilitation services. It functions as a lifeline to provide 1st stage advice, counselling. It is available 24*7 with the Technical Coordination of BSNL.

Useful Notes for all competitive exams:

  • Union Minister for Social Justice and Empowerment: Thaawarchand Gehlot.

Organic Food Processing Unit inaugurated in Uttar Pradesh

Smt. Harsimrat Kaur Badal, Union Minister for Food Processing Industries, inaugurated Organic Food Processing Unit in Uttar Pradesh. With the inauguration of this food processing unit, 5000 farmers will be benefitted and it is expected to leverage an investment of Rs 50.33 crores.

The unit namely M/s Organic India Pvt. Ltd is likely to generate direct employment of 100 and indirect employment of 250 persons. M/s Organic India Pvt. Ltd is set up with total cost of Rs. 55.13 crores. Processing capacity of 3 MT per day has been created and the unit will process agro produce worth Rs 350 crores.

Useful Notes for all competitive exams:

  • Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh: Yogi Aditya Nath; Governor: Anandiben Patel.

Haryana CM launches “Apka Mitra” chatbot for UG courses

Haryana Chief Minister, Manohar Lal Khattar has launched Educational WhatsApp Chatbot “Apka Mitra” & Online Admission Platform for UnderGraduate (UG) courses in government-aided and self-financed colleges for the new academic session 2020-21.

Students can send a message on Whatsapp chatbot number 7419444449 to get information regarding admission & scholarship. Using the new platform, the students will be able to complete the entire admission process in the convenience of home.

Chief Minister also launched online international journals, namely the Journal of Humanities and Social Science, prepared by the Higher Education Department to promote research.

Useful Notes for all competitive exams:

  • Governor of Haryana: Satyadeo Narayan Arya.
  • Chief Minister of Haryana: Manohar Lal Khattar.

Karnataka CM inaugurates flyover named after Veer Savarkar

Karnataka Chief Minister, B.S. Yediyurappa inaugurated the ‘Veer Savarkar’ flyover in Bengaluru. The inauguration of the 400-metre long flyover built on Major Sandeep Unnikrishnan Road in the city.

The Bengaluru’s civic body Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike (BBMP) built the flyover at the cost of Rs 34 crore. The project of constructing the flyover began in September 2017.

PM Modi inaugurates Patrika Gate in Jaipur

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has inaugurated the Patrika Gate in Jaipur, Rajasthan through video conference. The Patrika Gate was built by the Patrika group of Newspapers on the Jawaharlal Nehru Marg in Jaipur.

PM Modi also launched 2 books Samvad Upanishad and Akshar Yatra, authored by Gulab Kothari, Editor in Chief of Rajasthan Patrika Group and Chairman of Patrika Group of Newspaper.

The Patrika Gate is a memorial that reflects the cultural heritage and architectural style of Rajasthan. This memorial is an attempt to integrate the art, craft and cultural heritage of Rajasthan in one structure.

The design of the Patrika gate incorporates the culture lifestyle and architecture of all the parts of Rajasthan from Sriganganagar to Banswara and from Jaisalmer to Bharatpur. It is the southern gate of Jaipur.

Useful Notes for all competitive exams:

  • Chief Minister of Rajasthan: Ashok Gehlot; Governor: Kalraj Mishra.
  • UNESCO sites of Rajasthan: The Jantar Mantar, Hill Forts of Rajasthan.

Appointments News

Anil Jain becomes new President of All India Tennis Association

The All India Tennis Association (AITA) has elected Anil Jain as its new president, while Anil Dhupar was chosen as its secretary-general. India’s Davis Cup captain Rohit Rajpal was elected as the treasurer for a four-year term till 2024.

All the office-bearers, as well as the new executive committee members, were elected unopposed. Anil Jain will replace Praveen Mahajan as AITA president. Dhupar will replace Hironmoy Chatterjee.

Useful Notes for all competitive exams:

  • All India Tennis Association Founded: March 1920.
  • All India Tennis Association Headquarters: R.K. Khanna Tennis Stadium, Delhi.

Banking News

RBI ceased Banking operations of Aditya Birla Idea Payments Bank

Reserve Bank of India has ceased the Banking operations by the Aditya Birla Idea Payments (ABIP) Bank under Banking Regulations Act 1949 with effect from July 28, 2020.

Now the bank company could not able to work successfully and applied for voluntary winding up by the Vodafone Idea Limited which holds 51% in ABIP bank and the remaining 49% by Grasim Industries Limited.

Useful Notes for all competitive exams:

  • Aditya Birla Idea Payments Bank Founded: 2016.
  • Aditya Birla Idea Payments Bank Parent organization: Aditya Birla Nuvo.

BoI launched “Signature Visa Debit Card” on his 115th Foundation Day

On the occasion of Bank of India (BoI)’s 115th Foundation Day, BoI has launched an international contactless debit card, “Signature Visa Debit Card” for high net worth individuals who are maintaining an average quarterly balance of Rs 10 lakhs and above.

This card will have a spending limit of up to ₹5 lakhs on POS & e-commerce and ₹1 lakh on ATM. Other features include complimentary lounge access (2 per quarter) and offer on travel, retail, dining, lifestyle, entertainment, luxury hotels, reward points for online usage etc. It will also provide Insurance against fraudulent transactions.

Useful Notes for all competitive exams:

  • Bank of India Headquarters: Mumbai, Maharashtra.
  • Bank of India MD & CEO: Atanu Kumar Das.
  • Bank of India Tagline: Relationship Beyond Banking.
  • Bank of India Founded: 7 September 1906.

Science & Technology

DRDO successfully test scramjet technology for hypersonic missiles

Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has successfully flight-tested a Hypersonic Technology Demonstrator Vehicle (HSTDV), which is an unmanned scramjet vehicle with the ability to travel at six times the speed of sound.

The test was conducted from Dr A P J Abdul Kalam Launch Complex at Wheeler Island, off the coast of Odisha.  Now, India has joined the elite club of the United States, Russia and China to develop and successfully test Hypersonic Technology.

The HSTDV tests the indigenously produced hypersonic air-breathing scramjet technology. The scramjets are a variant of air-breathing jet engines and have the ability to handle airflows of speeds much higher than the speed of sound.

The hypersonic cruise vehicle was started using a proven solid rocket motor, which took it to an altitude of 30 kilometres, where the aerodynamic heat shields were separated. The cruise vehicle separated from the launch vehicle and the air intake opened as planned.

The hypersonic combustion sustained and the cruise vehicle continued on its desired flight path at a velocity of six times the speed of sound, which is nearly two kilometres per second, for more than 20 seconds. The critical events, like fuel injection and auto-ignition of the scramjet, demonstrated technological maturity.

Useful Notes for all competitive exams:

  • DRDO Chairman: Dr G. Satheesh Reddy.
  • DRDO Headquarters: New Delhi.

Ranks & Reports

Venkaiah Naidu released ‘The State of Young Child in India’ report

Vice President of India, Venkaiah Naidu has released “The State of Young Child in India” report. The report was prepared by a policy advocacy organization, Mobile Creches. The report measured Health and Nutrition in the country.

According to the report, there 159 million children aged below 6 years in India out of the 21 per cent are undernourished, 36 per cent are underweight and 38 per cent do not receive full immunization.

According to the analysis on expense towards child nutrition, healthcare, education and other protection services, India has spent Rs 1,723 per child in 2018-2019, which is insufficient to reach the entire eligible population. The report has also released the list of Best-performing states & worst-performing states based on the Young Child Outcomes Index.

Best-performing states

  • Kerala
  • Goa
  • Tripura
  • Tamil Nadu
  • Mizoram

Worst-performing states

  • Bihar
  • Uttar Pradesh
  • Jharkhand
  • Madhya Pradesh
  • Chhattisgarh
  • The Young Child Outcomes Index (YCOI) measures health, nutrition and cognitive growth with help of indicators such as infant mortality rate, stunting and net attendance at the primary school level. Based on the index, eight states have scored below the country’s average.
  • They are Assam, Meghalaya, Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. The index was constructed for two time periods 2005-2006 & 2015-2016 to provide inter-state comparisons and also provides an idea of change over time.

Summits & Conferences

Saudi Arabia chairs G20 Education Ministers Meeting

The Education Ministers Meeting will take place as part of the Sherpa Track for the G20 Leaders Summit 2020, which is to be hosted by Saudi Arabia at the end of 2020.

The Saudi Arabian Presidency has selected the following theme for the G20’s 2020 activities: Realizing Opportunities of the 21st Century For All.

The meet was chaired by Saudi Arabia’s Education Minister Dr Hamad Al-Asheikh where India was represented by Union Minister of Education,  Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank, in the virtual mode.

This meeting held to discuss and share experiences of member countries in the three identified areas viz. Education Continuity in Times of Crises, Early Childhood Education and Internationalization in Education.

The G20 is made up of 19 countries and the European Union. The 19 countries are Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Germany, France, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Mexico, the Russian Federation, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, South Korea, Turkey, the UK, and the US.

Useful Notes for all competitive exams:

  •  Capital of Saudi Arabia: Riyadh; Currency: Saudi riyal.

Obituary

Czech Director Jiri Menzel passes away

Oscar-winning Czech film director, Jiri Menzel passed away. He was born in Prague, Czechoslovakia on 23 February 1938. His 1st feature film, ‘Closely Watched Trains’ won an Academy Award (Oscars) for Best Foreign Language film in 1968.

Menzel won the Czech Lion for lifetime artistic contribution and was honoured by the Karlovy Vary festival. He is a recipient of the Medal of Merit, the French Order of Arts and Literature and a score of other international awards. He was awarded an IIFA Lifetime Achievement Award in November 2013.

Swamiji of Edneer Mutt Kesavananda Bharati passes away

The head seer of Edneer Mutt, Kesavananda Bharti passed away. He was famous for initiating the historic judgement of the Supreme Court that “Basic Structure of Constitution” cannot be amended by the Parliament. In 1973, Kesavananda had filed a case challenging the Kerala government’s attempts to impose restrictions over the mutt property.

In a wafer-thin majority ruling of 7-6, the 13-judge bench pronounced that while Parliament had “wide” powers, it cannot alter the basic structure of the Constitution.

Telugu actor Jaya Prakash Reddy passes away

Telugu actor Jaya Prakash Reddy passed away. He was working as a sub-inspector of police when he got an opportunity to act in Venkatesh’s 1988 film Brahma Puthrudu. He was last seen in Mahesh Babu Sarileru Neekevvaru (2020).


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