The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: Sep Month– Day 8

1) Mellowed (Verb) – मधुर बनाना

Meaning: make or become mellow.

Synonyms: relax, calm, settle

Antonyms: adolescent green immature

Usage: “even a warm sun could not mellow the North Sea breeze”

2) Contention (Noun) – असहमति, विवाद

Meaning: heated disagreement.

Synonyms: disagreement, dispute, disputation


Usage: “the captured territory was the main area of contention between the two countries”

3) Lame (Adjective) – कमजोर

Meaning: unconvincingly feeble.

Synonyms: feeble, weak, thin

Antonyms:convincing, persuasive

Usage: “the TV licensing teams hear a lot of lame excuses”

4) Dispensation (Noun) – छूट, अपवाद

Meaning: exemption from a rule or usual requirement.

Synonyms: exemption, immunity, exception

Antonyms: responsibility, liability, obligation

Usage: “although she was too young, she was given special dispensation to play before her birthday”

5) Reiterated (Verb) – बार बार दुहराना

Meaning: say something again or a number of times, typically for emphasis or clarity.

Synonyms: repeat, say again, restate

Antonyms: took back, taken back

Usage: “she reiterated that the government would remain steadfast in its support”

6) Strident (Adjective) – कठोर

Meaning: loud and harsh; grating.

Synonyms: harsh, raucous, rough

Antonyms: soft, dulcet

Usage: “his voice had become increasingly strident”

7) Desist (Verb) – विरत करना

Meaning: stop doing something; cease or abstain.

Synonyms: abstain, refrain, forbear

Antonyms: continue, persist in

Usage: “each pledged to desist from acts of sabotage”

8) Moratorium (Noun) – अधिस्थगन

Meaning: a temporary prohibition of an activity.

Synonyms: embargo, ban, prohibition

Antonyms: prescription, aid, assistance

Usage:”a moratorium on the use of drift nets”

9) Consensus (Noun) – मतैक्य

Meaning: a general agreement.

Synonyms:agreement, harmony, concord

Antonyms: disagreement, minority view

Usage: “there is a growing consensus that the current regime has failed”

10) Menacing (Verb) – ख़तरा होना

Meaning: be a threat or possible danger to.

Synonyms: threaten, be a danger to, put at risk

Antonyms: friendly, auspicious

Usage: “Africa’s elephants are still menaced by poaching”

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