The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: Sep Month – Day 26

HISTRIONIC (noun) : नाटकीय

  • Meaning: melodramatic behavior designed to attract attention.
  • अर्थ: ध्यान आकर्षित करने के लिए बनाया गया मेलोड्रामैटिक व्यवहार।
  • Synonyms: drama, affectation, exaggerated, farcical.
  • Antonyms: restrained, subdued, phlegmatic, stolid.
  • Usage: Whenever the spoiled toddler does not get her way, she begins to yell in a histrionic manner.

HOLISTIC (adjective) : समग्र

  • Meaning: relating to or concerned with complete systems rather than with individual parts.
  • अर्थ: व्यक्तिगत भागों के बजाय पूर्ण प्रणालियों से संबंधित या संबंधित।
  • Synonyms: comprehensive, entire, integrated, complete.
  • Antonyms: deficient, fragmental , divided, reduced.
  • Usage: Under the project guidelines, the student educators must create a holistic lesson that makes use of all five senses.

INTRANSIGENT (adjective) : दुराग्रही

  • Meaning: unwilling or refusing to change one’s views or to agree about something.
  • अर्थ: किसी के विचारों को बदलने या किसी बात पर सहमत होने से इनकार करना या मना करना।
  • Synonyms: resolute, inexorable, inveterate, tenacious.
  • Antonyms: tractable, acquiescent, subservient, obsequious.
  • Usage: When it came to their willingness to extend my curfew, my parents were intransigent and would not budge.

ABET (verb) : उकसाना

  • Meaning: encourage or assist (someone) to do something wrong.
  • अर्थ: कुछ गलत करने के लिए किसी को प्रोत्साहित करना या सहायता करना।
  • Synonyms: foment, incite, instigate, provoke.
  • Antonyms: constrain, restrain, allay, soothe.
  • Usage: If you abet violence in your home, you should not be surprised if your children grow up to be abusers.

FITFUL (adjective) : अस्थिर

  • Meaning: active or occurring spasmodically or intermittently; not regular or steady.
  • अर्थ: सक्रिय या सहज रूप से या रुक-रुक कर; नियमित या स्थिर नहीं।
  • Synonyms: intermittent, sporadic, spasmodic, unsteady.
  • Antonyms: constant, continuous, steady, unwavering.
  • Usage:  Because the weather has been fitful lately, we are not sure if our outdoor wedding is going to take place.

SCURRY (verb) : घबरा कर चलना 

  • Meaning: (of a person or small animal) move hurriedly with short quick steps.
  • अर्थ: किसी व्यक्ति या पशु का जल्दी में तेज-तेज चलना
  • Synonyms: scamper, scuttle, dash, rush.
  • Antonyms: amble, stroll, crawl, saunter.
  • Usage: We have come to see the tornado in all of its glory, not the ant-like humans that scurry about in its path.

ABERRATION (Noun) : पतन 

  • Meaning: a departure from what is normal, usual, or expected, typically an unwelcome one.
  • अर्थ: जो सामान्य या अपेक्षित, आम तौर पर एक अनिच्छुक है, उसका जाना।
  • Synonyms: anomaly, deviation, divergence, abnormality, irregularity, variation,
  • Antonyms: normality, usualness, conformity. regularity
  • Example: A person with one blue eye and one green eye is said to have a genetic aberration.

SWINDLE (Verb): ठगी 

  • Meaning: obtain (money) fraudulently.
  • अर्थ: बईमानी से धन प्राप्त करना
  • Synonyms: bilk, con, deceive, defraud, fleece
  • Antonyms: help, give
  • Example: You have to be careful when buying products on the internet, as some sellers may try to swindle you into paying more money than the product is worth.

Infringe : उल्लंघन करना, अतिक्रमण करना

  • Meaning: actively break the terms of (a law, agreement, etc.).
  • अर्थ: (एक कानून, समझौते, आदि) की शर्तों को सक्रिय रूप से तोड़ दें।
  • Synonyms: violate, breach, break, transgress, violation
  • Antonyms: obey, comply, follow, observe
  • Usage in a sentence: They claim that his use of the name infringes on their copyright.

Encrypt : कूट रूप देना

  • Meaning: convert (information or data) into a code, especially to prevent unauthorized access.
  • अर्थ: विशेष रूप से अनधिकृत पहुंच को रोकने के लिए एक कोड में (सूचना या डेटा) परिवर्तित करें।
  • Synonyms: encode, encipher, code, inscribe
  • Antonyms: interpret, decode, decipher, decrypt, translate
  • Usage in a sentence: The software will encrypt the message before it is sent.

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