The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: Sep Month – Day 16

FUNDAMENTAL: मौलिक 

Meaning:serving as a basis supporting existence or determining essential structure or function
अर्थ: एक आधार के रूप में सेवा करना अस्तित्व का समर्थन करना या आवश्यक संरचना या कार्य का निर्धारण करना
Synonyms: basic, elemental
Antonyms: advanced, final
Example: The large tumor and the damage from its treatment prevented him from being able to do one of the most fundamental things humans do.

SOPHISTRY: कुतर्क 

Meaning:subtly deceptive reasoning or argumentationअर्थ: सूक्ष्म रूप से भ्रामक तर्क या तर्क
Synonyms: casuistry, fallacy
Antonyms: honesty, truth
Example: Some complain soccer is a chintzy distraction from the sophistry of our ruling classes.

OBFUSCATE : अस्पष्ट करना 

Meaning:to confuseअर्थ: भ्रमित करना
Synonyms: befog, confuse
Antonyms: clarify, befog
Example:She was criticized for using arguments that obfuscated the main issue.

OBDURATE: हठी  

Meaning:stubbornly persistent in wrongdoingअर्थ: अधर्म में हठपूर्वक बने रहना
Synonyms: callous, stubborn
Antonyms: humane, sensitive
Example: Union leaders remain obdurate that working conditions and pay improve.

INTENT: इरादा 

Meaning:the fact that you want and plan to do somethingअर्थ: तथ्य यह है कि आप चाहते हैं और कुछ करने की योजना बना रहे हैं
Synonyms: aim, intention
Antonyms: irresolute, hesitant
Example: She was charged with possessing weapons with intent to endanger life.

LANGUISH: दुर्बल 

Meaning:to exist in an unpleasant or unwanted situation, often for a long timeअर्थ: किसी अप्रिय या अवांछित स्थिति में, अक्सर लंबे समय तक मौजूद रहना
Synonyms: decay, weaken
Antonyms: fortify, strengthen
Example: After languishing in obscurity for many years, her early novels have recently been rediscovered.

DEBASEMENT : नीचा दिखाना  

Meaning:the action of reducing the quality or value of somethingअर्थ: किसी चीज की गुणवत्ता या मूल्य को कम करने की क्रिया
Synonyms: abase, corrupt
Antonyms: uplift, ennoble
Example: Currency debasement means that the more dollars there are in circulation, the less each dollar is worth.

DEFIANCE: अवज्ञा 

Meaning: behaviour in which you refuse to obey someone or somethingअर्थ: ऐसा व्यवहार जिसमें आप किसी की या किसी चीज़ की बात मानने से इनकार करते हैं
Synonyms: balkiness, forwardness
Antonyms: compliance, submission
Example: In defiance of the ceasefire, rebel troops are again firing on the capital.

ABRIDGE: संक्षेप करना 

Meaning:to reduce someone’s freedom, rights, etc.अर्थ: किसी की स्वतंत्रता, अधिकार आदि को कम करना।
Synonyms: curtail, truncate
Antonyms: extend, prolong
Example: He said that Congress would make no law abridging the freedom of speech.

FORAY: चढ़ाई

Meaning:a short visit, especially with a known purposeअर्थ: एक छोटी यात्रा, विशेष रूप से एक ज्ञात उद्देश्य के साथ
Synonyms: descent, invasion
Antonyms: leave, abstention
Example:I made a quick foray into town before lunch to get my sister a present.


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