The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: Sep Month – Day 14

IMMINENT (Adjective) : होने जा रहा, नजदीक में ही घटित होने वाला   

  • Meaning: about to happen.
  • अर्थ: होने वाला।
  • Synonyms: close, near, approaching, forthcoming
  • Antonyms: distant, remote
  • Usage: Some people thought it was funny when the media predicted the imminent death of the drug-addicted celebrity.

 DILATORY (adjective) : धीमा सुस्त 

  • Meaning: slow to act
  • अर्थ: कार्य करने में धीमा
  • Synonyms: sluggish, slothful, lax, slack.
  • Antonyms: fast, prompt, brisk, quick.
  • Usage: They were dilatory in providing the researchers with information.

INADVERTENT (Adjective) : बेपरवाह/असावधान 

  • Meaning: not resulting from or achieved through deliberate planning.
  • अर्थ: जानबूझकर नियोजन के माध्यम से प्राप्त या प्राप्त नहीं किया गया।
  • Synonyms:  unintended, accidental, unpremeditated, unplanned,
  • Antonyms: deliberate, intentional
  • Usage: I wonder how many inadvertent inventions were developed in the process of trying to discover something totally different.

BACKSTOP (noun) : सुरक्षा

  • Meaning: an emergency precaution or last resort.
  • अर्थ: एक आपातकालीन एहतियात या अंतिम उपाय।
  • Synonyms: safeguard, preventive measure, insurance.
  • Antonyms: constraint, limitation, restriction, sanction.
  • Usage: They want the Democrats to act as a backstop for this wild nonsense.

NUDGE (Verb) : प्रोत्साहित करना

  • Meaning: coax or gently encourage (someone) to do something.
  • अर्थ: कुछ करने के लिए मनाना या धीरे से प्रोत्साहित करना (किसी को)।
  • Synonyms: prompt, encourage, coax, stimulate
  • Antonyms: discourage, dissuade
  • Usage: After her late night out partying, both parents nudge their daughter to wake her up during the church service.

CULMINATE (Verb) : पराकाष्ठा पर पहुंचना 

  • Meaning: reach a climax or point of highest development.
  • अर्थ: उच्चतम विकास के चरमोत्कर्ष या बिंदु तक पहुँचना।
  • Synonyms: peak, climax
  • Antonyms: start, begin
  • Usage: At the end of the night, the concert will culminate in a huge fireworks display.

FLAGRANT (Adjective) : कुख्यात 

  • Meaning: (of an action considered wrong or immoral) conspicuously or obviously offensive.
  • अर्थ:  (गलत या अनैतिक मानी जाने वाली क्रिया) स्पष्ट या स्पष्ट रूप से आक्रामक।
  • Synonyms: blatant, glaring, obvious, overt, evident,
  • Antonyms:  unobtrusive, slight
  • Usage: The bruises on the boy’s legs revealed the flagrant abuse he had suffered at home.

Contrition:(Noun) : पछतावा

  • Meaning:- the state of feeling sorry for bad behaviour: the state of repentance.
  • अर्थ:  बुरे व्यवहार के लिए खेद महसूस करने की स्थिति: पश्चाताप की स्थिति।
  • Synonyms: contriteness, guilt, penitence, regret, remorse, repentance
  • Antonyms:-impenitence, remorselessness
  • Usage:- The defendant pled guilty to the crime and expressed heartfelt contrition for the things he had done.

ENSCONCE (Verb) : स्थापित करना

  • Meaning: establish or settle (someone) in a comfortable, safe place.
  • अर्थ: किसी आरामदायक, सुरक्षित जगह पर (किसी को) स्थापित या बसाना।
  • Synonyms: settle, install, establish, entrench
  • Antonyms: depart, displace
  • Example: Clara is comfortably ensconced in a beach chair and has no immediate plans to return to work.

REPRISAL(Noun) :प्रतिहिंसा

  • Meaning: an act of retaliation.
  • अर्थ: प्रतिशोध का एक कार्य।
  • Synonym: retaliation, counterattack
  • Antonym: pardon, remission
  • Usage: He felt secure enough in his information that he announced his opinion on the matter without fear of reprisal.

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