The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: Nov Month – Day 5

SHODDY (adjective)  : तुच्छ

  • Meaning: badly made or done.
  • अर्थ: बुरी तरह से बनाया या किया हुआ।
  • Synonyms: trashy, crude, junky, duff.
  • Antonyms: prestigious, reputed, elegant, upright.
  • Example: Because of shoddy accounting practices, our firm is being audited.

Cognisance (noun) ध्यान में रखते

  • Meaning:- knowledge or awareness.
  • अर्थ: – ज्ञान या जागरूकता।
  • Synonyms:- attention, bearing, cognition
  • Antonyms:- disregard, heedlessness
  • Example:- The Chinese who have gone have been with Chinese cognizance, but not under Chinese protection.

Portray (verb) प्रतिकृति बनाना

  • Meaning:- describe (someone or something) in a particular way.
  • अर्थ: –  किसी विशेष रीति से (किसी या किसी चीज़) का वर्णन करना।
  • Synonyms:- characterize, depict, describe
  • Antonyms:- confuse, mix up, obscure
  • Example:- I thought him as true a representative of the people as ever theory could portray.

Decimating (verb) नष्ट

  • Meaning:- kill, destroy, or remove a large proportion of.
  • अर्थ: – के एक बड़े अनुपात को मार डालो, नष्ट कर दो या हटा दो।
  • Synonyms:- annihilate, exterminate, obliterate
  • Antonyms:- bear, build, create
  • Example:- You meant to let the royal blood, and to decimate the nobility of France.

Envoy (noun) दूत

  • Meaning:- a messenger or representative, especially one on a diplomatic mission.
  • अर्थ: – एक दूत या प्रतिनिधि, विशेष रूप से एक राजनयिक मिशन पर।
  • Synonyms:- delegate, diplomat, emissary
  • Antonyms:- receiver
  • Example:- This will be confirmed by your official attendant, who will be an Envoy’s Courier.

Confronts (verb) सामना करना

  • Meaning:- come face to face with (someone) with hostile or argumentative intent.
  • अर्थ: –  शत्रुता या तर्क-वितर्क के साथ (किसी के) सामने आना।
  • Synonyms:- accost, defy, encounter
  • Antonyms:- avoid, dodge
  • Example:- Our eyes are shut to the damning facts which confront us on every side.

Unsubstantiated (adjective) निराधार

  • Meaning:- not supported or proven by evidence.
  • अर्थ: –  प्रमाण द्वारा समर्थित या सिद्ध नहीं।
  • Synonyms:- debatable, dubious, unsupported
  • Antonyms:- certain, sure
  • Example:- As yet he could not reveal his unsubstantiated information to another.

Mercenaries (noun) वह सिपाही जो दूसरे मुल्क में लड़ाई के लिए रखे जायें

  • Meaning:- a professional soldier hired to serve in a foreign army.
  • अर्थ: – विदेशी सेना में सेवा करने के लिए किराए पर लिया गया एक पेशेवर सैनिक।
  • Synonyms:- warrior, hireling
  • Example:- His citizens have no silver or gold of their own, but are ready enough to pay them to their mercenaries.

Contention (noun) विवाद

  • Meaning:- heated disagreement.
  • अर्थ: –  गरम असहमति।
  • Synonyms:- argument, conflict, controversy
  • Antonyms:- accord, agreement, harmony
  • Example:- Just what the ratio of the curve should be is a matter of contention.

Allegations (noun) आरोप

  • Meaning:- a claim or assertion that someone has done something illegal or wrong, typically one made without proof.
  • अर्थ: –  ऐसा दावा या दावा कि किसी ने कुछ अवैध या गलत किया है, आम तौर पर बिना किसी सबूत के।
  • Synonyms:- accusation, charge, claim
  • Antonyms:- exculpation, denial
  • Example:- While some of these allegations are true, the last certainly is false

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