English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: May Month – Day 2

1) Portends (Noun) – पूर्वसूचक

Meaning: be a sign or warning that (something, especially something momentous or calamitous) is likely to happen.

Synonyms: presage, augur, foreshadow

Antonyms: retrodict

Usage: “the eclipses portend some major events”

2) Ominous (Adjective) – अमंगल

Meaning: giving the worrying impression that something bad is going to happen; threateningly inauspicious.

Synonyms: threatening, menacing, baleful

Antonyms:promising, auspicious, propitious

Usage: “there were ominous dark clouds gathering overhead”

3) Protracted (Adjective) – दीर्घकालिक

Meaning: lasting for a long time or longer than expected or usual.

Synonyms: prolonged, extended, stretched out

Antonyms:brief, short, fleeting

Usage: “a protracted and bitter dispute”

4) Exempt (Adjective) – दायित्व से मुक्त

Meaning: free from an obligation or liability imposed on others.

Synonyms: free from, not liable to, not subject to

Antonyms: liable to, subject to

Usage: “these patients are exempt from all charges”

5) Slump (Verb) – भारी और सीमित रूप से गिरना

Meaning: sit, lean, or fall heavily and limply.

Synonyms: flop, flump, collapse

Antonyms: stand up, sit up

Usage: “she slumped against the cushions”

6) Cascading (Verb) – तेजी से नीचे की ओर डालना

Meaning: pour downwards rapidly and in large quantities.

Synonyms: pour, gush, surge

Antonyms: stop, cease, contain

Usage: “water was cascading down the stairs”

7) Tumbling (Verb) – अचानक सिर के बल गिरना

Meaning: fall suddenly, clumsily, or headlong.

Synonyms: fall down, topple over

Antonyms: improving, increasing, rising

Usage: “she pitched forward, tumbling down the remaining stairs”

8) Reeling (Adjective) – डगमगाना या लड़खड़ाना

Meaning: lose one’s balance and stagger or lurch violently.

Synonyms: stumble, totter, wobble

Antonyms: sober, straight

Usage:”he punched Connolly in the ear, sending him reeling”

9)Imperative (Adjective) – आज्ञार्थक या शीर्ष प्राथमिकता

Meaning: of vital importance; crucial.

Synonyms:vital, crucial, critical

Antonyms: unimportant, optional

Usage: “immediate action was imperative”

10) Distressed (Verb) – व्यथित होना

Meaning: cause (someone) anxiety, sorrow, or pain.

Synonyms: grieve, sadden, trouble

Antonyms: calm, soothe, please

Usage: “I didn’t mean to distress you”

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