English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: May Month – Day 19

1) Deteriorate (Verb) – बिगड़ जाना

Meaning: become progressively worse.

Synonyms: worsen, get worse, decline

Antonyms: improve

Usage: “relations between the countries had deteriorated sharply”

2) Nadir (Noun) – निम्नतम स्तर

Meaning: the lowest or most unsuccessful point in a situation.

Synonyms: rock-bottom, the depths

Antonyms: zenith, acme

Usage: “asking that question was the nadir of my career”

3) Shambles (Noun) – अव्यवस्थाकुल विकार की स्थिति

Meaning: a state of total disorder.

Synonyms: chaos, mess, muddle

Antonyms: orderliness, calm, harmony

Usage: “my career was in a shambles”

4) Empathy (Noun) – समानुभूति

Meaning: the ability to understand and share the feelings of another

Synonyms: togetherness, closeness to

Antonyms: distance

Usage: I did not have empathy for the characters

5) Daunting (Adjective) – भयभीत करने वाला

Meaning: seeming difficult to deal with in prospect; intimidating.

Synonyms: intimidating, formidable, disconcerting

Antonyms: encouraging, heartening

Usage: “a daunting task”

6) Accumulated (Verb) – संचित

Meaning: gather together or acquire an increasing number or quantity of.

Synonyms: gather, collect, assemble

Antonyms: dissipate

Usage: “investigators have yet to accumulate enough evidence”

7) Nurtured (Verb) – पालना 

Meaning: care for and protect (someone or something) while they are growing.

Synonyms: bring up, care for

Antonyms: neglect, hinder

Usage: “Jarrett was nurtured by his parents in a close-knit family”

8) Lethal (Adjective) – जानलेवा

Meaning: very harmful or destructive.

Synonyms: fatal, deadly, mortal

Antonyms: harmless, safe

Usage: “the Krakatoa eruption was the most lethal on record”

9) Contention (Noun) – विवाद

Meaning: heated disagreement.

Synonyms: disagreement, dispute, disputation

Antonyms: agreement

Usage: “the captured territory was the main area of contention between the two countries”

10) Behest (Noun) – आज्ञा या आदेश

Meaning: a person’s orders or command.

Synonyms: instruction, bidding, request

Antonyms: answer, question, reply

Usage: “they had assembled at his behest”

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