The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: March Month– Day 24

1) Lethargy (Noun) — सुस्ती

Meaning: a lack of energy and enthusiasm.

Synonyms: sluggishness, inertia, inactivity

Antonyms: vigour, energy, animation

Usage: “there was an air of lethargy about him”

2) Loomed (Verb) – उभरना या दिखाई देना

Meaning: appear as a vague form, especially one that is large or threatening.

Synonyms: emerge, appear, become visible

Antonyms:abandoned, declined, descended

Usage: “vehicles loomed out of the darkness”

3) Fodder (Noun) – चारा या पशुभोजन

Meaning: food, especially dried hay or straw, for cattle and other livestock.

Synonyms: feed, food, rations

Antonyms:deprivation, starvation

Usage: “young people ending up as factory fodder”

4) Adulteration (Noun) – अपमिश्रण या मिलावट

Meaning: the action of making something poorer in quality by the addition of another substance.

Synonyms: debasement, infection, pollution

Antonyms: purification, cleansing, sanctification

Usage: “we’re working on a new diagnostic test to more rapidly monitor food adulteration”

5) Permissible (Adjective) — अनुमेय

Meaning: permitted; allowed.

Synonyms: permitted, allowable, allowed

Antonyms: forbidden, unacceptable

Usage: “it is permissible to edit and rephrase the statement”

6) Residue (Noun) — अवशेष

Meaning: a small amount of something that remains after the main part has gone or been taken or used.

Synonyms: remainder, remaining part, part leftover

Antonyms: base, core, lack

Usage: “the fine residue left after the sorting of tea”

7) Potency (Noun) — शक्ति

Meaning: the power of something to influence or make an impression.

Synonyms: power, powerfulness, vigour

Antonyms: impotency, powerlessness, weakness

Usage: “a myth of enormous potency”

8) Abrogation (Noun) — निराकरण

Meaning: the repeal or abolition of a law, right, or agreement.

Synonyms: repudiation, revocation, repeal

Antonyms: institution, introduction

Usage:Does not the abrogation amount to subverting the justice system?

9) Numbed (Verb) – सुन्न हो जाना

Meaning: deprive of feeling or responsiveness.

Synonyms:deadening, desensitizing, benumbing

Antonyms: feeling, sensible, sensitive

Usage: “the cold had numbed her senses”

10) Sunk (Verb) – डूब जाना या जलमग्न हो जाना

Meaning: go down below the surface of something, especially of a liquid; become submerged.

Synonyms: become submerged, be engulfed, go down

Antonyms: rise, float

Usage: “he saw the coffin sink below the surface of the waves”

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