The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: March Month– Day 23

1) Rendered (Verb) – प्रदान करना

Meaning: provide or give (a service, help, etc.).

Synonyms: give, provide, supply

Antonyms: ignored, neglected, disregarded

Usage: “money serves as a reward for services rendered”

2) Euphoric (Adjective) – ख़ुशी 

Meaning: characterized by or feeling intense excitement and happiness.

Synonyms: elated, happy, joyful

Antonyms: miserable

Usage: “a euphoric sense of freedom”

3) Implications (Noun) — निहितार्थ

Meaning: the conclusion that can be drawn from something although it is not explicitly stated.

Synonyms: suggestion, inference, insinuation

Antonyms: explicit statement

Usage: “the implication is that no one person at the bank is responsible”

4) Punitive (Adjective) — दंडात्मक

Meaning: inflicting or intended as punishment.

Synonyms: penal, disciplinary, corrective

Antonyms: beneficial, rewarding

Usage: “he called for punitive measures against the Eastern bloc”

5) Incarceration (Noun) — कारावासनजरबंद

Meaning: the state of being confined in prison; imprisonment.

Synonyms: imprisonment, internment, confinement

Antonyms: freedom

Usage: “the public would not be served by her incarceration”

6) Corroborated (Verb) –पुष्टि या समर्थन करना

Meaning: confirm or give support to (a statement, theory, or finding).

Synonyms: confirm, verify, endorse

Antonyms: contradict

Usage: “the witness had corroborated the boy’s account of the attack”

7) Deprivation (Noun) — अभाव

Meaning: the damaging lack of material benefits considered to be basic necessities in a society.

Synonyms: poverty, impoverishment, penury

Antonyms: wealth

Usage: “low wages mean that 3.75 million people suffer serious deprivation”

8) Ratification (Noun) — अनुसमर्थन

Meaning: the action of signing or giving formal consent to a treaty, contract, or agreement, making it officially valid.

Synonyms: acceptance, approval, authorisation

Antonyms: disapproval, opposition, refusal

Usage: “ratification of the treaty raised problems in several member states”

9) Scrutiny (Noun) — संवीक्षा

Meaning: critical observation or examination.

Synonyms: careful examination, inspection, survey

Antonyms: glance, cursory look

Usage: “every aspect of local government was placed under scrutiny”

10) Loophole (Noun) — बचाव का रास्ता

Meaning: an ambiguity or inadequacy in the law or a set of rules.

Synonyms: means of evasion/avoidance, means of escape, escape clause

Antonyms: blockage, closure, obstruction

Usage: “they exploited tax loopholes”

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