The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: June Month – Day 22

1) Prosecute (Verb) – पर मुकदमा चलाना 

Meaning: institute or conduct legal proceedings against (a person or organization).

Synonyms: bring a suit against, indict, arraign

Antonyms: defend, let off, pardon

Usage: “they were prosecuted for obstructing the highway”

2) Render (Verb) – सौंपना 

Meaning: provide or give (a service, help, etc.).

Synonyms: give, provide, supply

Antonyms: cloud, conceal, confuse

Usage: “money serves as a reward for services rendered”

3) Sedition (Noun) – राज-द्रोह

Meaning: conduct or speech inciting people to rebel against the authority of a state or monarch.

Synonyms: revolt, insurrection, rioting

Antonyms: calm, obedience, peace

Usage: The false accusations we heard in the news media last week incite sectarian sedition.

4) Incitement (Noun) – उकसाना

Meaning: the action of provoking unlawful behaviour or urging someone to behave unlawfully.

Synonyms: egging on, urging, goading

Antonyms: deterrent, hindrance, impediment

Usage: “this amounted to an incitement to commit murder”

5) Frivolous (Adjective) – कोई गंभीर उद्देश्य या मूल्य नहीं होना

Meaning: not having any serious purpose or value.

Synonyms: jokey, light-hearted, facetious

Antonyms: serious, earnest, sensible

Usage: “frivolous ribbons and lacy frills”

6) Contemplated (Verb) – विचार करना 

Meaning: look thoughtfully for a long time at.

Synonyms: look at, view, regard

Antonyms: rejected, rebuffed, shunned

Usage: “he contemplated his image in the mirrors”

7) Enmity (Noun) – शत्रुता

Meaning: a state or feeling of active opposition or hostility.

Synonyms: hostility, animosity, antagonism

Antonyms: friendship, goodwill

Usage: “decades of enmity between the two countries”

8) Scrutiny (Noun) – संवीक्षा

Meaning: critical observation or examination.

Synonyms: careful examination, inspection, survey

Antonyms: glance, cursory look

Usage: “every aspect of local government was placed under scrutiny”

9) Mirage (Noun) – मृगतृष्णा

Meaning: an optical illusion caused by atmospheric conditions, especially the appearance of a sheet of water in a desert

Synonyms: optical illusion, hallucination

Antonyms: certainty, fact, reality

Usage: “the surface of the road ahead rippled in the heat mirages”

10) Becalmed (Verb) – फंसा हुआ 

Meaning: leave (a sailing ship) unable to move through lack of wind.

Synonyms: stranded, stuck, marooned

Antonyms: active, mobile, moving

Usage: “both boats hung on before the whole fleet was becalmed south of Rampholme”

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