The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: June Month – Day 16

1) Rout (Noun) – एक निर्णायक हार।

Meaning: a decisive defeat.

Synonyms: crushing defeat, overwhelming defeat, defeat

Antonyms: victory

Usage: “the party lost more than half their seats in the rout”

2) Teetering (Verb) – डगमगाना

Meaning: move or balance unsteadily; sway back and forth.

Synonyms: totter, walk unsteadily, wobble

Antonyms:stable, steady, balanced

Usage: “she teetered after him in her high-heeled sandals”

3) Jolt (Noun) – झटका  

Meaning: push or shake (someone or something) abruptly and roughly.

Synonyms: push, thrust, jar


Usage: “a surge in the crowd behind him jolted him forwards”

4) Cope (Verb) – सामना करना

Meaning: deal effectively with something difficult.

Synonyms: manage, survive, subsist

Antonyms: ignore, neglect

Usage: “his ability to cope with stress”

5) Volatile (Noun) – अस्थिरमति

Meaning: liable to change rapidly and unpredictably, especially for the worse.

Synonyms: tense, strained, fraught

Antonyms: stable, calm

Usage: “the political situation was becoming more volatile”

6) Excise (Noun) – आबकारी या उत्पाद शुल्क

Meaning: a tax levied on certain goods and commodities produced or sold within a country and on licences granted for certain activities.

Synonyms: duty, tax, levy

Antonyms: rebate

Usage: “the rate of excise duty on spirits”

7) Cherubic (Adjective) – देवदूत संबंधी

Meaning: having the innocence or plump prettiness of a young child.

Synonyms: angelic, sweet, cute

Antonyms: demonic, infernal, satanic

Usage: “a round, cherubic face”

8) Accentuated (Verb) – दबाव का चिह्न करना

Meaning: make more noticeable or prominent.

Synonyms: focus attention on, draw attention to, point up

Antonyms: mask, divert attention from

Usage:”his jacket unfortunately accentuated his paunch”

9) Imperative(Adjective) – महत्वपूर्ण

Meaning: of vital importance; crucial.

Synonyms:vitally important, of vital importance, all-important

Antonyms: unimportant, optional

Usage: “immediate action was imperative”

10) Crusader (Noun) – धर्म युद्ध करने वाला

Meaning: a person who campaigns vigorously for political, social, or religious change; a campaigner.

Synonyms: campaigner, fighter, battler

Antonyms: nonmilitant, conservative, moderate

Usage: “crusaders for early detection and treatment of mental illnesses”

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