The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: June Month – Day 11

1) Legacy (Noun) – विरासत या वसीयत 

Meaning: an amount of money or property left to someone in a will.

Synonyms: bequest, inheritance, heritage

Antonyms: forfeit, hurt, loss

Usage: “my grandmother died and unexpectedly left me a small legacy”

2) Catapulted (Verb) – प्रक्षेपण करना 

Meaning: hurl or launch (something) with or as if with a catapult.

Synonyms: propel, launch, hurl

Antonyms: catch, hold, collect

Usage: “the explosion catapulted the car 30 yards along the road”

3) Embroiled (Verb) – शामिल होनाउलझाना

Meaning: involve (someone) deeply in an argument, conflict, or difficult situation.

Synonyms: involve, entangle, ensnare

Antonyms: exonerated, free, freed

Usage: “the organization is currently embroiled in running battles with pressure groups”

4) Splinter (Noun) – किरच

Meaning: a small, thin, sharp piece of wood, glass, or similar material broken off from a larger piece.

Synonyms: sliver, shiver, chip

Antonyms: whole, entirety, lot

Usage: “a splinter of ice”

5) Assertion (Noun) – अभिकथन

Meaning: a confident and forceful statement of fact or belief.

Synonyms: declaration, contention, statement

Antonyms: disavowal, denial, desertion

Usage: “his assertion that his father had deserted the family”

6) Detrimental (Adjective) – हानिकारक

Meaning: tending to cause harm.

Synonyms: harmful, damaging, injurious

Antonyms: benign, beneficial

Usage: “recent policies have been detrimental to the interests of many old people”

7) Ethos (Noun) – लोकाचार

Meaning: the characteristic spirit of a culture, era, or community as manifested in its attitudes and aspirations.

Synonyms: spirit, character, atmosphere

Antonyms: being, reality

Usage: “a challenge to the ethos of the 1960s”

8) Ponder (Verb) – विचार करना

Meaning: think about (something) carefully, especially before making a decision or reaching a conclusion.

Synonyms: think about, give thought to, consider

Antonyms: agree, discard, disregard

Usage: “I pondered the question of what clothes to wear for the occasion”

9) Dereliction (Noun) – परित्यक्ति

Meaning: the state of having been abandoned and become dilapidated.

Synonyms: dilapidation, disrepair, decrepitude

Antonyms: reclamation, recoupment, recovery

Usage: “a 15th-century farmhouse has been saved from dereliction”

10) Detained (Verb) – रोकना 

Meaning: keep (someone) from proceeding by holding them back or making claims on their attention.

Synonyms: delay, hold up, make late

Antonyms: free, independent, uninterested

Usage: “she made to open the door, but he detained her”

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