The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: July Month– Day 11

SUBVERT (verb) : व्‍यवस्‍था भंग करना

  • Meaning: undermine the power and authority of (an established system or institution).
  • अर्थ: (एक स्थापित प्रणाली या संस्था) की शक्ति और अधिकार को कमजोर करना।
  • Synonyms: destabilize, unsettle, overthrow, depose.
  • Antonyms: dignify, exalt, honor, ameliorate.
  • Usage: She subverted my noble desire to do a good deed without reward.

CLINCH (verb) : कसना

  • Meaning: to make final, definite, or beyond dispute.
  • अर्थ: अंतिम, निश्चित या विवाद से परे करना।
  • Synonyms: settle, conclude, finalize, wrap up.
  • Antonyms: confuse, unsettle, release, unfasten.
  • Usage: Her work on the project should clinch her a promotion.

Harping(Verb) : दोहराना

  • Meaning: talk or write persistently and tediously on (a particular topic).
  • अर्थ: किसी विशेष विषय पर लगातार और थकाऊ ढंग से बात करना या लिखना।
  • Synonym: dwell, reiterate, repeat
  • Antonym: forbid, fearfulness
  • Usage:He’s always harping on about lack of discipline

MANOEUVRE (noun) : कुशलता

  • Meaning: a carefully planned or cunning scheme or action.
  • अर्थ: सावधानीपूर्वक योजना या चालाक योजना या कार्रवाई।
  • Synonyms: stratagem, tactic, gambit, ploy.
  • Antonyms: innocence, candor, simplicity, incapacity.
  • Usage:A reasonable bridge building effort between activists and experts on both sides to try to address the issues through tactical maneuvers might be useful.

Blatant(Adjective) : ऊधमी

  • Meaning: (of bad behavior) done openly and unashamedly.
  • अर्थ: (बुरे व्यवहार का) खुलकर और निर्दयता से किया।
  • Synonym: flagrant, glaring
  • Antonym: inconspicuous, subtle
  • Usage: The whole episode was a blatant attempt to gain publicity.

MALADY (Noun) : रोग

  • Meaning: a disease or ailment.
  • अर्थ: एक बीमारी ।
  • Synonyms: affliction,disorder, illness, disability
  • Antonyms: comfort, health
  • Usage:in the olden days people were always suffering from some unknown malady.

SECLUSION (Noun) : तनहाई

  • Meaning: the state of being alone, away from other people
  • अर्थ: अकेले रहने की अवस्था, अन्य लोगों से दूर
  • Synonyms: remoteness, aloneness
  • Antonyms: open, public
  • Usage: In some societies women are kept in seclusion, so that they are hardly ever seen in public.

VERNACULAR (noun) :  स्थानीय भाषा

  • Meaning: used in or suitable for speech and not formal writing.
  • अर्थ: भाषण के लिए इस्तेमाल किया या उपयुक्त और औपचारिक लेखन नहीं।
  • Synonyms: colloquial, jargon, argot, patois. 
  • Antonyms: standard, undialectical, genteel, formal.
  • Usage: While the author never stated the novel’s setting, the vernacular of the characters identified the location as somewhere in Asia.

SACK (verb) : निकाल देना

  • Meaning: dismiss from employment.
  • अर्थ: रोजगार से खारिज करना।
  • Synonyms: bounce, discharge, dismiss, terminate,
  • Antonyms: recruit, employ, engage, hire.
  • Usage: Any official found to be involved would be sacked on the spot.

SUBTERRANEAN (adjective) : गुप्त

  • Meaning: secret; concealed.
  • अर्थ: गुप्त; गुप्त।
  • Synonyms: covert, subversive, sunken, private.
  • Antonyms: aboveground, surface, open, palpable.
  • Usage: The robbers are digging a subterranean path that will allow them to enter the bank from underneath the vault’s floor.

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