The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: April Month– Day 3

Agony (noun) : व्यथा

  • Meaning: extreme physical or mental suffering.
  • अर्थ: अत्यधिक शारीरिक या मानसिक पीड़ा।
  • Synonym: pain, hurt, suffering
  • Antonym: Heaven, paradise
  • Usage: The victim’s legs had been crushed under the car and she was in obvious agony

Contrition:(Noun) : पछतावा

  • Meaning: the state of feeling sorry for bad behavior: the state of repentance.
  • अर्थ: बुरे व्यवहार के लिए खेद महसूस करने की स्थिति: पश्चाताप की स्थिति।
  • Synonyms: contriteness, guilt, penitence, regret, remorse, repentance
  • Antonyms: impenitence, remorselessness
  • Sentence: The defendant pled guilty to the crime and expressed heartfelt contrition for the things he had done.

Plaintive (Adjective) : दर्दनाक

  • Meaning: expressing suffering or sadness, sounding sad and mournful.
  • अर्थ: दुख या दुख व्यक्त करना, दु: खी और शोकाकुल लगना।
  • Synonym: aching, agonized, bitter, mournful, sad, wistful, doleful, pathetic, pitiful, piteous, melancholy, lamentable
  • Antonym: delighted, exulting, glorying, happy, joyful, rejoicing, triumphant, blithesome, euphoric.
  • Sentence: We could hear the plaintive cry of the wounded animal in the woods.

Piquant (Adjective) : सरस

  • Meaning: having a pleasantly sharp taste or appetizing flavour., pleasantly stimulating or exciting to the mind.
  • अर्थ: एक सुखद तेज स्वाद या स्वादिष्ट स्वाद।, मन को सुखद या उत्तेजक।
  • Synonym: poignant, intriguing, stimulating, interesting, fascinating, zesty
  • Antonym: bland, insipid, dull, zestless, insipid
  • Sentence: Gobblezz restaurant has a secret piquant sauce that makes the dish scrumptious.

Scurrilous (Adjective): मिथ्या

  • Meaning: Making or spreading scandalous claims about someone with the intention of damaging their reputation.
  • अर्थ: अपनी प्रतिष्ठा को नुकसान पहुंचाने के इरादे से किसी के बारे में निंदनीय दावे करना या फैलाना।
  • Synonym: abusive, vituperative, derogatory, disparaging
  • Antonym: clean, decent, moral, deferential, tempered
  • Sentence: There were scurrilous attacks on the party leader by the opposition.

Beset : टूट पड़ना

  • Meaning: (of a problem or difficulty) trouble (someone or something) persistently.
  • अर्थ:  (किसी समस्या या कठिनाई के कारण) (किसी को या किसी को) निरंतर कष्ट होना।
  • Synonyms: harass, plague, assail, hound, attack
  • Antonyms: protect, defend, aid, assist
  • Usage in a Sentence: A lack of money is the greatest problem besetting the city today.

Eponymous : व्यक्ति जिसके नाम से किसी रचना का नाम रखा हो

  • Meaning: (of a person) giving their name to something.
  • अर्थ: (किसी व्यक्ति का) किसी चीज को अपना नाम देना।
  • Synonyms: self-titled, namesake, homonymous, titular
  • Antonyms: anonymous, nameless, unknown, incognito
  • Usage in a Sentence: Benko is the author of an eponymous opening line for the black pieces.

Fillip : प्रेरणा

  • Meaning: something which acts as a stimulus or boost to activity.
  • अर्थ: कोई ऐसी चीज जो उत्तेजना या गतिविधि को बढ़ावा देने का काम करती है।
  • Synonyms: incentive, stimulus, boost, encouragement
  • Antonyms: deterrence, disincentive
  • Usage in a sentence: The news gave a fillip to the telecommunication sector.

Saving grace : विशेष गुण

  • Meaning: the redeeming grace of God.
  • अर्थ: ईश्वर की कृपा से छुड़ाने वाली कृपा।
  • Synonyms: good point, attractive aspect, advantage
  • Antonyms: weak point, disadvantage, difficulty, weakness
  • Usage in a Sentence: Dogs are a man’s best friend and a cop’s saving grace.

Uptick : उत्थान

  • Meaning: a small increase or slight upward trend.
  • अर्थ: एक छोटी वृद्धि या थोड़ा ऊपर की ओर प्रवृत्ति।
  • Synonyms: uptrend, rise, increase, growth, increment, surge
  • Antonyms: downtick, decrement, decline, loss, abatement, decrease
  • Usage in a sentence: Unfortunately, the passage of the law didn’t translate into an uptick of tenants using vouchers in the city, Martin acknowledged.

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