The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: April Month– Day 25

PROCLIVITY (Noun) : प्रवृत्ति

  • Meaning: a tendency to choose or do something regularly; an inclination or predisposition towards a particular thing.
  • अर्थ: नियमित रूप से कुछ चुनने या करने की प्रवृत्ति; किसी विशेष चीज के प्रति झुकाव या पूर्वाभास।
  • Synonyms: liking, inclination, tendency, leaning
  • Antonyms: disinclination, dislike, antipathy, hate
  • Usage:His proclivity for cooking made him a big hit in the homeowner’s association.

GUILE (Noun) : धूर्तता,  छल-कपट 

  • Meaning: sly or cunning intelligence.
  • अर्थ : धूर्त या चालाक बुद्धि।
  • Synonyms: cunning, artifice, canniness
  • Antonyms: forthrightness,  guilelessness
  • Example: A shady salesman usually relies on a combination of quick thinking and guile.

TROVE (noun) : कोष

  • Meaning: a store of valuable or delightful things.
  • अर्थ: मूल्यवान या रमणीय चीजों का भंडार।
  • Synonyms: accumulation, agglomeration, backlog, conglomeration.
  • Antonyms:  junk, dispersion, reduction, shrinkage.
  • Usage: I discovered a trove of candy bars and pop tarts in my teen son’s pillowcase.

OGLE (Verb): घूरना

  • Meaning: stare at in a lecherous manner.
  • अर्थ: लचर तरीके से घूरना।
  • Synonyms: stare, gawk
  • Antonyms: ignore, neglect
  • Usage:Most women dislike being ogled.

FURLOUGH (noun) : लम्बी छुट्टी

  • Meaning: leave of absence, especially that granted to a member of the services or a missionary.
  • अर्थ: अनुपस्थिति की छुट्टी, विशेष रूप से सेवाओं के एक सदस्य या एक मिशनरी को दी गई।
  • Synonyms: break, rest, recess, day off.
  • Antonyms: rehire, recall, travail, toil.
  • Usage: I have just learned that Cousin George has got his furlough extended thirty days.

BREVIARY (noun) : सार-संग्रह

  • Meaning: a short statement of the main points.
  • अर्थ: मुख्य बिंदुओं का एक छोटा बयान।
  • Synonyms: summary, conspectus, encapsulation, outline.
  • Antonyms: enlargement, expansion, supplement, amplification.
  • Usage: The Second Vatican Council revised the Breviary and changed its name to Liturgy of the Hours.

RIGID : कठोर

  • Meaning:not able to be changed or persuaded
  • अर्थ: बदलने या राजी न होने योग्य
  • Synonyms:stern, unchanged
  • Antonyms:flexible
  • Example:We were disappointed that they insisted on such a rigid interpretation of the rules.velries next door kept me awake all night.

Vernacular (Noun) : जनभाषा

  • Meaning: the language or dialect spoken by the ordinary people of a country or region.
  • अर्थ: किसी देश या क्षेत्र के सामान्य लोगों द्वारा बोली जाने वाली भाषा या बोली।
  • Synonym: everyday language, spoken language, colloquial speech, slang
  • Usage: To hold the interest of the community, the playwright penned his play using only the local vernacular.

DILATORY (adjective) : धीमा

  • Meaning: slow to act
  • अर्थ: कार्य करने में धीमा
  • Synonyms: sluggish, slothful, lax, slack.
  • Antonyms: fast, prompt, brisk, quick.
  • Usage: They were dilatory in providing the researchers with information.

MACABRE (Adjective) : भीषण

  • Meaning: disturbing because concerned with or causing a fear of death.
  • अर्थ: परेशान होना क्योंकि मौत का डर या उसके साथ संबंध।
  • Synonyms:gruesome, grisly, grim, gory, morbid, ghastly, unearthly,
  • Antonyms: appealing, attractive, delectable
  • Example: While David has a talent for pulling macabre pranks, it can get a little bothersome when he doesn’t limit them to Halloween.

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