English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: April Month – Day 20

1) Stringent (Adjective) – कड़ी से कड़ी

Meaning: strict, precise, and exacting.

Synonyms: strict, firm, rigid

Antonyms: lenient, flexible

Usage: “stringent guidelines on air pollution”

2) Exodus (Noun) – निष्क्रमण या वापसी

Meaning: a mass departure of people.

Synonyms: withdrawal, evacuation, leaving


Usage: “the annual exodus of sun-seeking Canadians to Florida”

3) Stare (Verb) – एकटक देखना

Meaning: look fixedly or vacantly at someone or something with one’s eyes wide open.

Synonyms: gaze, gape, goggle

Antonyms:ignore, neglect, look away

Usage: “he stared at her in amazement”

4) Dignified (Adjective) – गरिमामयी

Meaning: having or showing a composed or serious manner that is worthy of respect.

Synonyms: stately, noble, courtly

Antonyms: undignified

Usage: “she maintained a dignified silence”

5) Humane (Adjective) – मानवोचित

Meaning: having or showing compassion or benevolence.

Synonyms: compassionate, kind, kindly

Antonyms: cruel, inhumane

Usage: “regulations ensuring the humane treatment of animals”

6) Futile (Adjective) – व्यर्थ,निष्फल या निरर्थक

Meaning: incapable of producing any useful result; pointless.

Synonyms: fruitless, vain, pointless

Antonyms: useful, fruitful

Usage: “a futile attempt to keep fans from mounting the stage”

7) Abrupt (Adjective) – एकाएक या अचानक

Meaning: sudden and unexpected.

Synonyms: sudden, immediate, instantaneous

Antonyms: gradual, unhurried

Usage: “I was surprised by the abrupt change of subject”

8) Convulsed (Verb) – कंपकंपी होना, झटका लगना

Meaning: suffer violent involuntary contraction of the muscles, producing contortion of the body or limbs.

Synonyms: shudder, jerk

Antonyms: cried, wept, sobbed

Usage:”she convulsed, collapsing to the floor with the pain”

9)Chaotic (Adjective) – अराजक

Meaning: in a state of complete confusion and disorder.

Synonyms:disorderly, disordered

Antonyms: orderly

Usage: “the political situation was chaotic”

10) Proximity (Noun) – निकटता

Meaning: nearness in space, time, or relationship.

Synonyms: closeness, nearness, presence

Antonyms: distance, remoteness, openness

Usage: “do not operate microphones in close proximity to television sets”

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